Is pomegranate growing profitable
Indoor pomegranate: cultivation, propagation. Pomegranate: how to care
The ornamental pomegranate (Punica) is the most undemanding dwarf shrub for cultivation on the windowsill or in the greenhouse. In the homeland of the pomegranate, in countries with hot and humid climates, it is planted in open ground and decorates lawns with perennial deciduous trees. Ornamental plants are very unpretentious to the composition of the soil and do not require frequent watering. During flowering, it is almost completely covered with red inflorescences that ripen into small pomegranates - a symbol of passionate love among the ancient Greeks.
Indoor pomegranate. maintenance
Varieties of indoor pomegranate
Various pure pomegranate varieties are used for local flower cultivation:
- Punica Granatum "NANA" (dwarf pomegranate);
They vary in height (from 30 cm to 100 cm) and the size of the fruits (5-7 cm in diameter).
Secrets of indoor pomegranate care
Fans of potted flowers indoors will appreciate a decorative dwarf plant not only for its exceptional external properties, but also because no special skills are required to care for a pomegranate;. If you follow a few rules and create minimum conditions for dwarf shrubs, it will thank the profuse flowering from November to the end of January.
Pomegranate in the house "lives" perfectly in the garden or on the balcony in summer. To avoid burning leaves, do not plant it on the sunny side. The best place is the shady east or west side.
Grenade care at home. photo
In the hot season, the plant needs abundant to water and spray.
In order for a mini shrub to increase the number of green leaves for home care pomegranate, it is better to choose at home nitrogen fertilizerand with it the fruits appear - phosphorus additives. In any flower shop, you can choose a mineral mixture.
The loss of leaves in a plant may not always be a sign of its poor health. Pomegranate drops its leaves before winter and frees itself from dense greenery. At this point, you have to feed his potash fertilizer.
Caring for indoor pomegranates is different for adults and teenagers. Young plants need frequent watering, and adults can be watered every 10 days.
For Overwinter Better not a hot place, not even a glazed loggia. An important requirement is the absence of drafts and very low temperatures.
At transplantplanting should choose black soil with the addition of turf. Complex soil is ideal;
Make sure the plant is at the bottom of the pot it will be transplanted into drainageso that the roots don't rot.
When pomegranate is grown properly indoors, the plant looks beautiful and original. In order to achieve an aesthetic shape and a well-groomed appearance, flower growers cut off excess shoots and shape a shrub. The pruning is best done at the beginning of active growth or before wintering - in spring and autumn.
Caring for a pomegranate at home includes cutting:
- dry branches;
- mast shoots (not developing);
- branches that grow in the depths of the bush.
External shoots, if they are healthy, should not be cut off. To get a beautiful, fully grown bush, it is better to start pruning to form in adult plants that are already over 3 years old. Young pomegranate in room conditions must be transplanted. Do this annually to replace depleted soil with fresh soil.
Secrets of growing pomegranates
Dwarf shrub is a fairly common plant that can be bought at any flower shop and brought home and planted in a suitable pot. However, it is much more interesting to grow this flower yourself, especially since it is perfectly propagated from both cuttings and seeds.
Growing a plant from seeds is very easy. The main thing is to create the right conditions for him. Florists recommend taking the seeds of a young plant, they are very vital and germinate better.
Pour a store-bought plant growth stimulator into a small bowl and soak the seeds in it.
When they swell, put them in the ground and cover the container with soil with foil.
When the first rungs appear, remove the polyethylene and place the container on the windowsill yourself from the sunny side.
The enriched plant can be transplanted into a separate pot.
Propagation by cuttings
Propagating and growing pomegranate from the cuttings has a secret. If you do not choose the right branch for cuttings, the plant will not bear fruit. To cut the stem, choose a fruit branch that already had small pomegranates.
Place the shaft in a jar with a growth stimulator.
When the lower cut swells, take out the cuttings and plant them in a container with soil, which you cover with foil.
As soon as new shoots appear on the branch, the film can be removed and the pot placed in a well-lit, warm place.
When the plant begins to form and young branches appear, need pomegranate shoots prize. In this case, the number of branches will increase, it will be great and beautiful. They don't just do this when they want to use the flower as a bansai.
Many believe that it is very difficult to get a pomegranate flower in room conditions, and even more so for it to bear fruit. Indeed it is not. If you care for the plant properly, a small pomegranate can do too flowering in the first year. As for flowers, few know that pomegranates are male and female. You can distinguish them by examining the base. It is thin on male flowers and thicker on female flowers. In addition, male flowers fall almost immediately after opening, and female flowers are rounded during flowering, forming a pomegranate fruit.
Do not wait for flowering and fruiting on young, sprouted branches. As a rule, they appear on the longest, adult shoots. When you know all of these simple secrets, you can easily grow a "passion flower" on your windowsill.
Cultivation of a pomegranate video in a room
In the picture a pomegranate. The crown made of fruits is believed to have become an inspiration to the creators of the crown. The headdress appeared in the east, where the fruits of the pomegranate grow.
Thanks to their scarlet color, like rubies, they were considered symbols of power. So they turned the fruit crown into a crown. Would you like to see the sign of kings in your home? Learn to grow pomegranate home.
Bone pomegranate at home
Pomegranate belongs to the genus Derbennikovyh of the Myrtiflora family. It includes small shrubs and trees. The pomegranate belongs to the latter. In its natural environment, the tree grows in Southeast Europe and Asia.
According to the climatic conditions, the culture is classified according to countries in which there are no temperatures below -15 degrees. There grenades reach a height of 6 meters. At home, the trees, as a rule, do not exceed one and a half meters. The standard height of the bushes in pots is 90-100 centimeters.
You can grow a culture from the semen of a fetus bought in a market or store. However, they are selling from large trees. It is better to look in the seed shop and find the name "dwarf pomegranate" or rather the varieties "Carthage" and "Baby". They are adapted for home maintenance and have adequate lighting and cladding within 40 centimeters.
Grow up pomegranate at homefrom the seed of a large, smooth fruit with no bumps on the skin, mold or rot. Frozen grenades are not good either. Bones in other fruits germinate 95% of the time.
So it is not necessary to choose many seeds for planting, 2-3 are enough. The flesh around them should be elastic and scarlet. Green grains are not ready to germinate.
Before planting the seeds, the pulp is removed from them, more precisely, washed off with slightly warm running water. After that, we take the settled liquid at room temperature and put a few drops of a growth stimulator, for example, Epina, in a teaspoon.
In its solution, the seeds are kept for 12 hours. We are currently preparing the ground. Matching flower from the store. If possible, make the substrate yourself, take peat, river sand and fertile soil, that is, humus.
We mix the components in equal proportions and pour them into plastic pots or jars, adding drainage at the bottom. We drill the bottom of the tanks for the drainage of water.
We put the seeds in pots for 1-1.5 cm, sprinkle them with soil and abundantly sprinkle them with warm water. For the effect of the greenhouse, we cover with a foil or a disc of a plastic bottle. We need humidity and air temperature of around 25-30 degrees Celsius.
We are waiting for the rungs. When planting in late autumn or spring, it should appear in a couple of weeks. Seeds placed in the ground at another time, between a month and 3 ex. Peck.
With the appearance of the first leaf, we remove the covering material and put the pot in a sunny place, not forgetting to moisten the earth with the spray gun from time to time. The soil shouldn't dry out. After the development of the 8th leaf, we transplant the tree into the main pot.
Ceramic is preferred. Low capacity enough. Pomegranate from seedshas a superficial root system. The substrate under the pot is not used.
Growing pomegranate cuttings
A cutting is a cut branch intended for vegetative propagation. Vegetative means plant distribution without seeds. Pomegranate cuttings are separated in summer or February.
Whole woody shoots are taken in winter, only half of them in summer. The latter take root better. In midsummer, however, the plant is covered with flowers. Many do not regret cutting beauty.
The buds look like red roses, sometimes they have an elongated shape near the funnel. Scarlet petals as well as pomegranate fruits. Some crops are grown solely for the benefit of the buds. In general, nobody will judge whether the stem is taken from a winter plant. There should be at least 4 internodes in the separate branch.
It might be better to focus on the question how to plant a pomegranate seed at home. Pomegranate cuttings are 45% less likely to survive. Every second is rooted. You can increase the indicator by treating a section of the stem with a root stimulator. We find it in nurseries.
Homemade pomegranate at the photo shoots
The roots of pomegranate cuttings are also found in water. For fidelity, you can make a substrate out of sand and, after poking it in, an escape for about 3 kidneys. We observe an angle of 45 degrees to the ground. Upright cuttings rarely take root.
After planting the stem, we cover the pot with foil and put it in a well-lit place. We keep the temperature at a level of 23-27 degrees. Remove the film once a day for 20-30 minutes to ensure ventilation.
If the stem is rooted, it will do it faster than if it is seeds. As a rule, the branch engages the soil in a week and a half. After another three weeks, the rooting is complete.
Proof of this are the new kidneys. We wait 3-4 ex and shorten the escape by a third. This leads to the branching of the tree and the formation of a lush crown. By forming 2–3 side branches, the shoot is transplanted into the main pot.
The pomegranate cuttings have advantages despite the low survival rate. When we take a branch for its roots, we see how strong and healthy it is. Seedlings can become frail. The reason lies in the mother plant, its fruits, and not in the care of the seedling.
In addition, a variety of pomegranates can definitely be recognized by the handle. Seeds, even in packets, are sometimes surprising. For example, "dwarf pomegranate" can grow more commonly. And so believe the inscriptions on the packages and photo.
Homemade pomegranatein pots almost never found in stores. Rare offers bite in terms of price. Hence, lovers of indoor plants and tricked, germinating seeds and rooting cuttings.
But before you start applying plant material to the soil, you should find out how to grow pomegranate at home. In relation to humans, it says: "It is not enough to have a child, it has yet to be raised." To do this, you need to be patient and know some secrets. So we will find out the nuances of caring for a tropical tree.
Bright light is the first thing you need pomegranate indoors. domestic careit's about growing a tree exclusively on the south windows. Pomegranate is one of the few plants that love direct sunlight.
4,000 to 6,000 tree suites offer a comfortable environment. In cloudy weather and in winter, pomegranates are lit with plant lamps. You should bring the daylight hours to 10-12 hours. In this case, the tree will continue to bloom and bear fruit. Lack of light leads to the dropping of some of the leaves and hibernation.
Although pomegranate seeds germinate at 30 degrees, adult trees prefer temperatures in the range of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. They are kept all year round.
There is information that the pomegranate has a rest period from November to March, it needs coolness. However, gardeners prove otherwise by posting photos of winter trees in bloom on the network and noting that the heat does not affect their health and fruit.
The irrigation mode is also the same all year round. Pomegranate likes slightly moist soil. As soon as the soil begins to dry, it is moistened. When excess water is drained into the sump, it is released.
Standing moisture in the pot stand can cause the tree roots to rot. It will ruin itself and will not bear fruit. By the way, pomegranate berries are almost half a meter in diameter.
The pomegranate record holder in the Chinese province of Sichuan has grown. The width of the fetus was 48.7 centimeters. Standard tree berries with a diameter of no more than 18 centimeters.
Pomegranate is poured with settled, soft water at room temperature. At the same time, there are no special requirements for the humidity in the system. Ideal for apartments with a dry atmosphere thanks to heating devices.
Pomegranate is beneficial for fertilizers. However, top dressing gives the strength to form a mass of buds and achieve rapid growth. The tree has run out of resources to bear fruit. If pomegranate is grown for them, it is worth minimizing fertilization.
From spring to July, we introduce nitrogen-phosphorus for an abundant harvest. They will help shape the ovaries from "roses". Potash has been needed since the second half of summer.
Plus pomegranate is not only relatively unpretentious to a tropical plant, it is also disease resistant. Both mushrooms and insects rarely bury themselves on the hero of the article. In this regard, pomegranates are more profitable than other fruits grown at home, e.g. B. Oranges and Lemons.
Prune and replant homemade pomegranate
Pomegranate pruning will help create a lush crown and limit the height of the tree. It is customary to cut the shoots growing in the bush. We leave the branches facing outwards and let the crown spread out. At the same time, you need to shorten the shoots on the kidneys and look into the bush. The process is well tolerated by the plant in the off-season.
A cut of shoots stimulates branching. When cutting near the kidneys directed into the crown, we avoid their thickening. For the vitality of the shortened branches, leave at least a couple of leaves, better than 5, on them. By the way, in their natural shape, the branches of the pomegranate are chaotic and bent, as if they were broken. This image is attractive for a semi-wild garden, but not for the home.
Prune the pomegranate done in two ways. The first aims to shape the appearance of a spreading bush, and the second is a miniature tree.In the latter case, you can work not only with thin branches, but also with powerful shoots that are more like the trunks. Even in their youthful state, they are twisted into harnesses. This forms a single, broad trunk with a rounded crown.
Now that you've worked on the basics of the composition, it's time to think about transplanting a pomegranate. It is required for the plant at least 3 years after planting. They have not been better kept in the first pot for more than 4 years. At this point, the soil in the flower pot is exhausted, there are almost no resources for tree growth.
If the plant grows vigorously for up to 3 years, it will easily tolerate annual transplants after the pomegranate. They change both the earth and the pots. If you change the laziness, you can delay the process for 3 years.
You can no longer grow because pomegranates come from fast growing crops. During the season, the size of the tree and its root system can double. Possibly. Thanks to the rapid growth of pomegranates, it is considered the tree of life.
So he was called back in ancient Egypt. The fruit of culture as a sacred symbol of life was placed in the sarcophagi of the pharaohs in the hope that they would be reborn in another world.
The pomegranate is also called the tree of life in Karan. According to Scripture, the hero of the article grew up in paradise. Later the Prophet Muhammad recommended the fruit of the pomegranate to his disciples as a drug of envy and hatred. So the energy of the tree is peaceful.
The ancient Greeks associated culture with Aphrodite and with it love and sensuality. Feelings are kindled not only by the color of the fruits, their grains, but also by the drinks in which they are present. Grenadine is made from pomegranate. This is a syrup sweetener as well as a natural coloring agent. It is added to alcoholic beverages, especially liqueurs and wines.
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This magnificent plant is popular with everyone. Elegant, with beautiful flowers and valuable fruits, it attracts many gardeners who want to plant pomegranates in their area. And of course, those who want to grow pomegranate need to know how this wonderful culture is spread. In fact, this process isn't particularly complicated, the pomegranate isn't too whimsical and, with proper care, will provide vigorous shoots from which you can grow healthy, promising seedlings.
Pomegranate can be propagated by seeds and vegetative methods. Pomegranate, when propagated with seeds from high-quality, large, sweet fruits can repeat all the signs of the mother plant - if you form a crown with a bush and take good care of the plant for several years. However, the main method of propagation of pomegranate is vegetative, root shoots and cuttings.
Root propagation is used to rejuvenate old pomegranate bushes with branches that have lost the flexibility needed to cover the plant for winter.
Cuttings are used as the main method of propagating pomegranates to obtain high quality seedlings. It is based on regeneration, i.e. H. The body's ability to restore the functions and growth of individual organs or parts of them. During regeneration, cuttings form accessory (random) roots.
Root regeneration depends on many factors that should be considered. In order to obtain high-quality pomegranate seedlings, the shoots must be rooted from large, high-yielding, frost-resistant pomegranate bushes. They should be harvested in the fall after harvest. Annual, rarely biennial shoots are used for the cuttings. Spines are removed from cut shoots, lateral branches, thin upper, dry and not lignified ends.
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The cleaned shoots are bundled, signed and laid horizontally on the bottom of a dug trench (should be below the freezing point of the ground in the winter season), then the trench is filled with moist earth and additionally covered with straw (layer 20 cm thick). The shoots are stored in a trench until spring and only removed after the soil has completely thawed.
The removed shoots are inspected, sorted, shrunk and damaged. Live shoots are cut into cuttings 20-25 cm long, the lower cut being made directly under the kidney, which contributes to the rapid emergence of callus and root system, the upper 2 cm above the kidney.
To grow pomegranate seedlings, you need to choose a flat area (with a slight slope to the south) that is protected from dry and cold winds and has fertile soil with irrigation water.
Pomegranate cuttings are planted in May - after the risk of recurrence of frosts has passed. Before planting, the cuttings are immersed in clean running water for 12 hours. They are planted at a distance of 10-12 cm in a south-sloping position so that young, developing plants are better lit by sunlight. When planting, the cuttings are buried in the ground so that a kidney protrudes from the surface, and then they are spudded, and the tops are necessarily covered with earth. After planting, the cuttings are watered with water (preferably by spraying) until the soil is completely moistened - this contributes to good subsidence and rooting of the cuttings.
So that the cuttings are quickly and well rooted, the soil must always be moist. To do this, it is watered regularly and in addition, the passages are loosened and the root area of the seedlings is fertilized with organic fertilizer. Watering ends in late October - early November, after the leaves have fallen.
Grown pomegranate seedlings are dug up so as not to damage the root system. After digging, they are sorted and discard damaged and infected diseases, which are immediately destroyed. A pomegranate seedling with 3-4 shoots, reaching a height of 50-60 cm, with a developed root system (length from 35 cm) is considered suitable for growing.
In winter, the excavated seedlings are stored in a trench that is below the freezing point of the ground. They are rooted obliquely at an angle of 45 ° and covered with earth. With the onset of spring, after the onset of persistently warm weather, but before the buds open, the seedlings begin to plant in the ground. Before planting, the roots of the pomegranate are dipped in a talker made of water, clay and fresh cow dung. After planting, the plants are poured on a 15-20 cm high hill and in the above-ground part of the plant there remain 3-4 shoots, which are shortened by two-thirds of the length. When laying a pomegranate garden (taking into account the formation of bushes), the distance between the rows should be 5 m, and between the plants 3-4 m.
It is not an exaggeration to say that almost every apartment or house in our country is decorated with flowers. Most of the time their range is not particularly diverse, but there are exceptions. For example, how do you like pomegranate?
Pomegranate (Punica) feels right at home. In this case, however, it is not the nutritional properties of the fruits that are in the foreground, but the decorative properties of plant flowers. Important! Indoors, it's still better to grow a dwarf variety of pomegranate (Punicanana). However, many scientists and gardeners believe that a pomegranate houseplant is just a separate form of the mother plant. Judging by the appearance and characteristics of the vegetation process as it is.
Brief historical background
Oddly enough, pomegranate has long been known as a houseplant indoors. This fact is mainly related to the surprising simplicity of this plant. In the subtropics and tropics it is commonly grown outdoors and in our conditions it is preferable to ordinary pots on window sills or even indoor greenhouses. By the way, for the excellent decorative properties of pomegranate flowers, it has long been awarded an honorary diploma from the Royal Horticultural Community of Great Britain.
Old legends say that this fruit was once known as the "Punic apple". In legends, pomegranate was a symbol of fidelity in marriage, in Greece it was used as a symbol of fertility, and the Persians revered it as the embodiment of passionate and passionate love. However, all of these are trifles, since the useful properties of pomegranate have been known since ancient times.
In general, such a crop is worth becoming a gem for any home or garden. In addition, (as already said), it is distinguished by its unpretentious unpretentiousness, it can grow on brackish and dry soils.
It should be noted that the inner grenade was originally described in 1803. Its maximum height does not exceed 120 centimeters and, in the form of a potted plant, only grows to 0.9 meters. The leaves are light green, oval with a diameter of no more than three centimeters and are characterized by short, slightly reddish colored cuttings. In spring the leaves take on a beautiful bronze color, in summer they are light green and in autumn they are yellowish.
Note that the most decorative varieties are special indoor pomegranates. From May to September these plants are dotted with a multitude of beautiful purple flowers. They are in a single order and are formed in the first year of cultivation. What is characteristic is that their size exceeds that of the leaves - about four centimeters. Please note: only flowers with long pestles can bear fruit. The proportion of these is very low, as the indoor pomegranate is purely decorative.
Each flower lives a maximum of three days, but new buds are tied and opened every day. Gardeners state that a hundred flowers have no more than three or four ovaries. Space pomegranate is particularly unique because both buds and already ripe fruits can be on a plant at the same time.
Separated from the fruits
By the way, the fruits themselves can be painted in different colors: from orange to brownish red. Unfortunately, they are far from the taste of the "normal" pomegranate and have a maximum diameter of six to seven centimeters. You can try them from November. The fruit season ends around January.
Since pomegranates are mostly grown at home for the sake of flowering, the fruits are usually removed. This is due to the fact that the plant is already heavily drained from abundant flowering. In order to preserve the decorative properties of the pomegranate, it is better to remove the ovaries that have appeared. However, there may still be one or two fruits left on a tree.
And doing this is not so much for culinary purposes as it is to get your own seeds. Note, however, that the varietal quality of plants cannot always be appreciated with this method of reproduction. And only every three to four years you can give yourself something and leave all the fruits on the tree. The beauty of the pomegranate, which blooms and bears fruit at the same time, is simply indescribable.
Which varieties are better to use?
For sale, you will likely only find dwarf garnet (punicagranatum). Occasionally garnet "Baby" or "Carthage" appears on the shelves of stores. The last two strains are artificially bred and are specially designed for indoor growing. Their height rarely exceeds 30 centimeters, while the common dwarf variety often grows to a meter.
A pomegranate houseplant is characterized by demanding lighting conditions in the house, despite its general simplicity. For this reason, you can choose any window in the house for its placement, with the exception of the windows facing the north. However, on hot and sunny days, it is still necessary to protect the plant's delicate leaves from direct sunlight.
Note that the ideal place for a pomegranate in summer is a loggia, attic or porch. Important! The plant should get used to "sunbathing" little by little, since the development of sunburns on the leaves cannot be ruled out if the process is too hot. As soon as the daylight hours decrease and the nights get colder, this southerner should be brought into the house immediately.
As you may have guessed, pomegranate needs warmth throughout the flowering and fruiting period. In general, its normal development is possible at a temperature of around 20 degrees Celsius. Important! If the room temperature exceeds 25 degrees, it must be moved to a cooler and ventilated room, otherwise the shoots may dry out. If this is not possible, regularly spray the leaves with water at room temperature (standing up, of course).
But! For normal fruit ripeness, the pomegranate needs a temperature of around 16-18 degrees Celsius. From November to March the plant has a dormant phase during which the temperature must be kept at 10-12 degrees. Incidentally, these houseplants can withstand frosts down to minus six degrees Celsius.
Requirements for the composition and other properties of the soil
Although we said that pomegranates are extremely unpretentious to soil in nature, in order to create the most decorative plant at home, soil mix properties should be kept at the right level. Note that they must be neutral (pH 7). We would recommend such properties:
Half of the lawn area, ¼ part of good leaf humus, 12% peat and 13% sand.
. Half of the sand on ¼ of the clay and peat (pay attention to the pH value!).
. Two parts clay soil, one volumetric part leaf soil, one part sand and humus.
. Especially for young plants: humus, lawn, sand and leaves are absorbed in equal proportions.
About watering and moisture
As you probably understand yourself, competent watering of a plant is not only a guarantee of its decorative appearance, but also of its survival. In our case, the following irrigation rules apply:
In a dormant state (we talked about it above), the number of waterings is reduced as much as possible: no more than every one and a half to two months!
. When indoor plants come out of hibernation, you can gradually increase the frequency. Gradually switch to frequent watering and soak the top layer of soil in the pot well. It should be moistened when it dries.
. Please note that the flow of moisture should be limited during flowering, as this time coincides with a dry and hot period under natural conditions. But be careful! With a lack of moisture and nutrients, you might well be left with a "broken trough" as the plant will simply drop all of its buds and ovaries.
. As we said before, in hot weather and in stuffy rooms, it is necessary to spray pomegranate leaves with purified water.
. As soon as flowering is over, the plant must be watered abundantly again, otherwise abundant flowering in the coming year is an option.
. If you need to grow fruits, then the problem of soil moisture should be approached as carefully and carefully as possible. If you overdo it with water, the fruit can easily crack and even rot.
All indoor flowers must be fed. Pomegranate is no exception. "Feed" it should be at least twice a month. In the spring, any nitrogen fertilizer can be widely used. When the pomegranate blooms, phosphorus fertilization is mandatory, and in the fall - potassium. However, the one-time (monthly) use of complex fertilizers is quite acceptable. Important! Top dressing should only be done in cloudy weather.
Fertilization is only necessary in moist soil, but the excess water from the flower tray must be drained off. In the autumn period, the frequency of top dressing is gradually reduced, preparing the pomegranate for the rest period. Most often it occurs in December-January when the last flowers bloom and all the fruits of the plant fully ripen.
You can easily find out about the beginning, since at this moment the plant will begin to drop leaves. During this time, you should keep the ambient temperature within 10 degrees Celsius. Important! Young pomegranates that are not yet three years old do not need to rest for them, but the temperature should still be lowered to around 16 degrees Celsius at this point (as with fruit ripening).
Of course, in the conditions of a city apartment, it is not always possible to create optimal conditions for hibernation. A simple measure helps to lower the temperature sufficiently: Slide the pot with the pomegranate close to the glass and then enclose it with normal plastic wrap from the rest of the room. A maturation period of three to four weeks is sufficient. However, the most optimal results can be achieved by moving the plant into the basement for this time.
Around February, pomegranates are taken from a cold room and cut until the buds are full. The plant tolerates such a pruning best. Small, young twigs in particular should be removed. To stimulate branching, the branches outside the bud must be cut at an acute angle, with no more than five internodes remaining on the shoot. Important! When sculpting a space pomegranate (the photo of which is included in the article), don't forget to leave it within the six skeletal branches that form the base of the entire plant.
If you get carried away with pruning, you can weaken the tree significantly. By the way, it is for the formation of the woody form of pomegranate (including bonsai), which mercilessly remove all young shoots in one pot. When shaping and cutting branches, extreme care must be taken as the shoots are fragile. Excess shoots formed during the current growing season can be removed in summer. In this case it is advisable to close the wound with garden var.
How is the transplant done?
It is necessary to transplant pomegranates annually for up to three years. After three years, the frequency of the procedure is reduced to every two to three years. Best in spring. The transplant itself is simple as it is performed by conventional reloading. To do this, it is imperative to take sand into the ground. Of course, the presence of drainage in the pot is extremely important.
Despite the developed fiber system, the grenade does not require an exceptionally wide pot. A capacity increase at a rate of two to three centimeters per graft should no longer be performed. By the way, the closer the roots are in the pot, the more numerous the flowers of a plant (but don't overdo it!). How to care for a space pomegranate.
Pomegranate seed propagation
We immediately warn that for the successful growing of plants from seeds, it is extremely important to buy them from specialty stores or from trusted suppliers. However, all flower growers who grow indoor flowers will let you know. Pomegranate grown from regular seeds will let you bloom for the first year, and you can try your own pomegranates in about two to three years.
However, no one forbids growing a tree by using the seeds of an already ripe fruit. Note that they will retain their ability to germinate for up to six months. The seeds only need to be selected from the largest and most mature pomegranates. After that, they are cleaned from the pulp and properly dried in a warm and dry room. They can be sown in April to a depth of about 0.5 cm. Warning - the pomegranate, the fruit of which first appeared on the tree, is absolutely unsuitable for use as a seed, since its seeds may turn out to be too weak and not sprout.
The substrate for this consists of equal parts sand and peat and is then moistened on average. Germination takes place at a temperature of about 25-27 degrees Celsius, the development of the seedlings begins quickly. As soon as two or three real leaves appear, the strongest and healthiest-looking seedlings are divided into pots about six centimeters in diameter. In order for plants to grow and develop faster, they need warmth and moisture during this time. For better bushiness, you need to pinch them. Here's how to get pomegranate from seeds.
Important! If you buy pomegranate in the market or in a store and decide to use its seeds for sowing, remember that you can expect flowering after seven years at the latest. In addition, the size of such a system is too large for an average city apartment (two to three meters). Remember that the pomegranate indoors, the cultivation of which does not cause any particular difficulty, rarely grows at least a meter in length.
Propagation by cuttings
Cuttings should be taken from adult and prosperous plants. In summer, you need to take those who are semi-deaf, and in winter (February), each time deaf. You need to cut the branches into pieces with five to six buds. The potting soil consists of equal parts sand and peat, and the plants are planted at an angle of about three centimeters deep. This is how space pomegranate cuttings are made.
The cuttings should be covered with a pruned plastic bottle or jar that is watered frequently to maintain high levels of humidity in the air and soil, as this is necessary for root formation. It is very advisable to treat the cuttings with some humus fertilizer before planting, as this measure greatly increases the likelihood of successful rooting. After about two to three months, young plants can be planted in separate pots. Buds can appear as early as the first year, but should be cut off for the first two seasons as the plant is not yet fully grown for full bloom.
In a word, pomegranate is a plant that every plant lover must have!
The cuttings are planted in a trench in prepared loose and fertilized soil immediately after cutting. The distance between the cuttings in the row is 20-25 cm, between the rows 50 cm. The cuttings are buried in the ground to their full length, only one or two buds remain on top. After planting, the cuttings are watered. They begin to grow in the spring. Feeding 1-2 times during the summer is advisable. Regular watering is required in dry summers and occasional rain. By autumn, cuttings form shrubs that are suitable for transplanting to a permanent place of growth in the next year. Seedlings are planted in closed ground, usually at an angle of about 45 ° to the horizon to the south. With such a planting, it is easier to hoard pomegranate bushes for the winter, bend them to the ground and tie them to indented stakes.
Pomegranate can be cut both in autumn, during the protection period, and in spring. It is advisable to make the main pruning during the protection period and in the spring to remove broken or frozen branches. Pomegranate varieties are divided into three groups depending on the taste and purpose of the fruit:
- sweet varieties in which sugar predominates in the taste and acid is felt to be very weak. They are eaten fresh;
- sweet and sour, in which sugar and acid combine more or less harmoniously. They are used both fresh and for processing;
- acidic varieties in which acidity can be felt strongly and sugar almost does not taste good. Used for engineering processing.
Ak Dona. It is characterized by large spherical fruits with a yellowish-pink color that are pleasant to the taste. The variety belongs to the group of sweets. The skin is thin. Together with the internal partitions is about 30% of the total weight of the fetus. When grown in the Crimea, the variety is fertile and ripens early to medium.
Kaim Nar. Azerbaijani variety. It is also grown in the Crimea. Medium-sized fruits (200-250 g) have a greenish color with a bright red tinge. The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant with aroma. The color of the juice is dark red. The ripening time is average.
Shoulyansky. Fruits of irregular spherical shape with a flattened tip of medium size. The weight of one fruit is 200-250 g. The color of the fruit is dark red, juice - bright red. Medium thickness peel. The taste of the pulp and juice is sweet, pleasant and refreshing. The ripening period in Crimea lasts from October to November. A variety grown in the Crimea is productive.
It should be noted that other varieties (Virovsky and PurpleSid) are available in the collection of the Nikitsky Botanical Gardens. In Transcaucasia, the pomegranate varieties include Galyusha pink and Galyusha red, BalaMrsal, Nizik-kabuh, Krmyzy-kabuh, Shah-nar and Vanderfil. All of them differ in large fruits of a beautiful rounded shape and bright red or pink color.
In Central Asia and Azerbaijan, the range is being improved through clone selection of local varieties, as well as the introduction of promising foreign varieties. With the heterozygous pomegranate you get varieties of the first generation. Azerbaijan has 8 promising species of pomegranate, which are characterized by high frost resistance and high productivity. These include Mehseti, Azerbaijani Dessert, and Vurgun. The Tajik Agricultural Research Institute recommended 6 cultivars. Of these, Siyah-Dane, California No. 6320 and Malta were introduced.
The author of the book in the conditions of the Donbass trench culture tested Kai-Achik-Anar varieties obtained from seeds imported from Central Asia and grafted Galyusha onto the Kai-Achik-Anar variety brought in from Azerbaijan. The Kai-Achik-Anar pomegranate bloomed in the fifth year of planting.
Most of the flowers, however, were on the shoots of the current year. The flowers were mostly short-leaved, without fruit. The Galyusha variety gave the first harvest in the second year after vaccination. Now bears fruit annually, but in small quantities. Most of the flowers are piebald. Therefore, it is advisable to test other varieties of pomegranate.
Ground maintenance under the pomegranate is the same as in normal gardens of the median. In autumn, it is advisable to dig the ground shallow so as not to damage the roots. Weeds are removed in summer. Pomegranate plants respond positively to the application of mineral fertilizers. It is therefore advisable to feed the plants with nitrogen-potassium fertilizers immediately after opening.
Pomegranate should be watered abundantly to get juicy and tasty fruits. Pomegranate formation in trench culture must be in the form of a bush, with three to five main branches directed towards one or two sides of the trench. The bush-like formation, in which 4-6 well-developed trunks remain, largely corresponds to the biological properties of the pomegranate. Over time, fruit shoots are replaced by new ones. An anti-aging pruning is carried out every 20-30 years, which involves removing all of the above-ground part of the plant
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