Carbon is a tetracovalent element, why

Summary

For the phenomenon that two or more compounds can have the same number and type of atoms and the same molecular weight, the term is Isomerism been coined. Isomers are the same Elemental composition and are represented by the same empirical formula. There are two main types of isomerism. The most common and important is as Structural isomerism known, which designation expresses that the differences between the isomers are due to the different arrangement in which the atoms are linked to one another. Let us recall the example of butane and isobutane; in the first the carbon atoms are arranged in an unbranched chain, in the second in a branched chain. Such structural isomers can be Skeletal isomers call. The concept of structural isomerism also includes the possibility that another element or a group of atoms can assume different positions in the molecule, as in the case of 1-chloro-propane and 2-chloro-propane. Such isomers will be Positional isomers called. In the case of compounds of more complex composition, there may be greater structural differences, so that different functional groups occur in the isomers, such as e.g. B. with dimethyl ether and ethyl alcohol. Structural isomers of this type would be as Functional isomers to call. Under the constitution A compound is understood to mean the arrangement in which the atoms are connected to one another; it is represented by a constitutional formula.

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literature

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