What are some interesting facts about Spinosaurus
Spinosaurus facts: extinct animals of the world
The Spinosaurus is one of the oldest dinosaurs found in North Africa. The name is derived from the protruding back, which is reminiscent of the dorsal fin of a fish. The spinosaurus is sometimes called the thorn lizard. The Spinosaurus existed during the Cretaceous Period around 112-97 million years ago. The Spinosaurus fossils were first discovered by Ernst Stromer, a German paleontologist in 1912.
They are among the greatest carnivores of all time
With an estimated length of 50 feet, the Spinosaurus were the largest carnivorous dinosaurs that ever existed. It is believed that they were the same size or larger than Giganotosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, and Tyrannosaurus. Spinosaurus could grow as long as 15 m and was also very large. They fed on very large marine animals such as sharks, large lungfish, sawfish, and giant coelacanth, and also hunted terrestrial prey.
They had long spines
It was discovered that some of the Spinosaurus' neural spines were more than 5 feet tall. Scientists believe that the long spines allowed them to move around in bodies of water looking for their prey. These spikes were arranged in a design that people called sail backs. The spines had dense bones and some blood vessels. There are a number of dinosaurs that sailed similarly to Spinosaurus. Examples of such dinosaurs are Ouranosaurus and Deinocheirus. The Spinosaurus used its sail back to regulate its body temperature. It could store fat and absorb heat. However, the function of thermoregulation has been contested by some paleontologists who believe that the sail was just an exhibition structure.
Their best fossils were destroyed in World War II
The German paleontologist Ernst Stromer discovered the remains of the Spinosaurus in Egypt shortly before the First World War. The remains were then transported to Germany and kept in the Deutsches Museum in Munich. The British Royal Air Force destroyed these fossils in an Allied bombing raid in 1944 during World War II. Most of the fossils were burned or broken during the war. This has made it difficult for paleontologists to conduct further studies on the Spinosaurus. Also, it was frustratingly rare to find more of these fossils anywhere in the world. One species was named last S. maroccanus was discovered in Morocco.
The Spinosaurus occasionally became quadruped
The Spinosaurus' habitat was predominantly water. It was fish-eating, which means that its diet consisted of fish. However, sometimes the dinosaur would rise out of the water. In those times it is believed that it would walk on its fours and it has been quadrupled.
They had very unique teeth
The dinosaur had complex teeth. It had two huge canine teeth protruding from its front upper jaw and larger teeth on the back of its muzzle. It also had straight, conical, and grinding teeth. In total, they had 14 teeth in the premaxilla and another 12 in the maxilla. In addition to fish, the strong teeth enabled the Spinosaurus to feed on birds, mammals, and other dinosaurs.
Author: Tracy Montgomery
Tracy Montgomery is a 27 year old journalist. Communicator. Analyst. Twitter lover. Thinker. Beer fanatic. Proud organizer. Devoted zombie fan.
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