What is Food Safety Compliance?

Food safety: rules and regulations

Before (EU) 1935/2004 / EC came into force, it was often still permissible to “only” comply with FDA legislation. However, this has not been the case since European laws were passed.

However, this does not mean that the FDA guidelines and Regulation (EU) 1935/2004 / EC are identical, nor that the FDA is based on the same regulations as the European regulations. In contrast to the EU, the exact requirements are material-specific. It is generally assumed that all components of a material can be extracted by a food and thus migrate into the food. This is why plastics, dyes and other contact materials are referred to as "indirect food additives".

Food Safety Modernization Act

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the regulatory agency for drugs and food additives in the United States. It issues its own legal requirements, the best known being the “Food Safety Modernization Act” of 2011.

It contains regulations for:

  1. Product safety: Food standards for the production of fresh vegetables and fruits
  2. Preventive controls for food intended for human consumption: Every food processing company undertakes to carry out a risk analysis and, based on this, to implement preventive control measures. HACCP also applied to this, but ISO 22000 can also be applied to it.
  3. Independent Third Party Accreditation: Independent parties can be authorized to carry out audits in food processing plants.
  4. Verification programs for foreign suppliers: A US importer is obliged to check products from abroad for their safety. For example, the importer can request HACCP or ISO 22000 certification from the foreign supplier in order to ensure that the food can be consumed safely.
  5. GMP and risk analysis for animal feed
  6. Targeted strategies to prevent the risk of (deliberate) contamination
  7. Hygienic transport of food