What does immanence mean


From the lat. in (in andmanere (stay, stay): “stay inside”. As a counterpart to transcendence, immanence characterizes that which is inherent in a living being or a thought. It is the property of what begins and ends in the agent. After being the subject of lively debates in ancient times and in the Middle Ages, revolving around the question of whether the Logos of the Stoics or the Christian God are immanent in the world and consciousness, the theory of immanence has gradually spread into philosophy . Spinoza appears in his formula "God is nature" (Deus sive natura) as an advocate of pantheism, if it defends that God is contained in everything - an idea that Goethe will take up again and to which the German romantics will also cling. Hegel links immanence with becoming when he describes the immanence of the spirit in the Odyssey of Consciousness, while the rise of atheism in the 19th century, with the Nietzschean "death of God", either leads to a radical criticism of any form of transcendence or in a spiritualization of immanence, as seen in Bergson. In the extreme case, the rejection of the object and its usefulness justifies, according to Deleuze, that all concepts and values ​​are placed on the same “level of immanence” by being linked “horizontally” in a network of thoughts rather than vertically from a transcendental origin.