Which animal name only contains vowels?
Short spoken vowels
1.1 Vowels and consonants
In German, vowels include the letters a, e, i, o, u and the umlauts ä, ö, ü.
The y is mostly used as a vowel in German, as in Sylt [ü], but can also take on the function of a vowel, as in Bavaria [j]. The remaining letters in the German alphabet are consonants.
Complete the consonant list!
c, b, ...
1.2 Pronunciation of short vowels
Vowels can be pronounced short or long. Do you hear the difference
What do you mean? Are the vowels pronounced long or short in these words?
As you can see from these examples, how many consonants follow it is decisive for the length of a vowel.
If a vowel is only followed by a consonant, we usually pronounce the vowel long. If a vowel is followed by two consonants, we usually pronounce it briefly.
Exception: If the letter h follows a vowel, it is usually pronounced long.
Explain the pronunciation of the following words!
Sound: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
Scarf: the vowel is pronounced long because it is followed by a consonant
Hast: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because ...
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1.3 Notation after short vowels
If we can hear whether a vowel of a word is pronounced long or short, then we also know how that word is spelled.
If we pronounce a word and the vowel in it sounds short, then the word is written after the vowel with two consonants:
Krippe: the vowel i sounds short, so the word has to be written with double p.
R.abe: the vowel a sounds long, so the word has to be written with a simple b.
Find out the right word, add the consonants and justify the spelling!
Gla_: the vowel sounds ............, so the word must be written with ....
Ha_e: the vowel sounds ..........., so the word has to be spelled with ....
Ha__: the vowel sounds ............, so the word must be written with ....
Here you can find all double consonant pairs that exist in German. Try to form words with all pairs. Remember that these must be words that are written with a short vowel.
Example: ff: Whistle
Now you have surely noticed that you can think of a lot of words with some consonant pairs, with others less and with some you cannot form German words at all.
The consonant pairs kk and zz appear in German in a different spelling, namely as ck (hoe) and tz (paw).
1.4 Frequently occurring consonant pairs
The following pairs of consonants are particularly common in German: ff, ss, pp, mm, nn, ll
Find the solution words! They each contain a pair of consonants:
A group of students - - - - - -
Vessel for tea - - - - -
Helps with knots in the hair - - - -
This animal is very similar to humans - - - -
Helps with bad eyes - - - - - -
Not only eaten in winter - - - - -
1.5 New spelling and special regulations
In the following words, the vowels are pronounced briefly, but the consonants are not doubled. Therefore, you should memorize these words.
In the case of other foreign words, according to the new German spelling, short vowels are characterized by the fact that they are followed by double consonants.
Exceptions: Words that are strongly perceived as foreign words, such as numeric, are not affected.
Words with the suffix -in, such as testimony, also remain unchanged.
1.6 Solutions to the exercises
To 1.1 Complete the consonant list
b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, (y), z
Hast: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
Lust: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
Gram: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
Ware: the vowel is pronounced long because it is followed by a consonant
Soup: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
Drive: the vowel is pronounced long, because it is followed by an h
Glas: the vowel sounds long, so the word must be spelled with s.
Rabbit: the vowel sounds long, so the word must be spelled with s.
Hatred: the vowel sounds short, so the word must be spelled with ss.
A group of students - class
Vessel for tea - pot
Helps with knots in the hair - comb
This animal is very similar to humans - monkey
Helps with bad eyes - glasses
Not only popular in winter - soup
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