Which animal name only contains vowels?

Short spoken vowels

1.1 Vowels and consonants

In German, vowels include the letters a, e, i, o, u and the umlauts ä, ö, ü.
The y is mostly used as a vowel in German, as in Sylt [ü], but can also take on the function of a vowel, as in Bavaria [j]. The remaining letters in the German alphabet are consonants.

Complete the consonant list!
c, b, ...

1.2 Pronunciation of short vowels

Vowels can be pronounced short or long. Do you hear the difference

Open, ship

(short vowel)

Furnace, sheep

(long vowel)

What do you mean? Are the vowels pronounced long or short in these words?

Bag:
Delivery boy:
Soup:
Notebook:
Whale:
Choice:

As you can see from these examples, how many consonants follow it is decisive for the length of a vowel.

Note:
If a vowel is only followed by a consonant, we usually pronounce the vowel long. If a vowel is followed by two consonants, we usually pronounce it briefly.

Exception: If the letter h follows a vowel, it is usually pronounced long.

Explain the pronunciation of the following words!

Sound: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
Scarf: the vowel is pronounced long because it is followed by a consonant
Hast: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because ...
Lust: ...
Grams: ...
Would: …
Soup: …
Journey: …

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1.3 Notation after short vowels

If we can hear whether a vowel of a word is pronounced long or short, then we also know how that word is spelled.

Note:
If we pronounce a word and the vowel in it sounds short, then the word is written after the vowel with two consonants:

Krippe: the vowel i sounds short, so the word has to be written with double p.
R.abe: the vowel a sounds long, so the word has to be written with a simple b.

Find out the right word, add the consonants and justify the spelling!

Gla_: the vowel sounds ............, so the word must be written with ....
Ha_e: the vowel sounds ..........., so the word has to be spelled with ....
Ha__: the vowel sounds ............, so the word must be written with ....

Here you can find all double consonant pairs that exist in German. Try to form words with all pairs. Remember that these must be words that are written with a short vowel.

Example: ff: Whistle

bb

gg

cc

hh

dd

yy

ff

kk

ll

mm

nn

pp

qq

rr

ss

dd

vv

ww

xx

currently

Now you have surely noticed that you can think of a lot of words with some consonant pairs, with others less and with some you cannot form German words at all.

The consonant pairs kk and zz appear in German in a different spelling, namely as ck (hoe) and tz (paw).

1.4 Frequently occurring consonant pairs

The following pairs of consonants are particularly common in German: ff, ss, pp, mm, nn, ll

Find the solution words! They each contain a pair of consonants:

A group of students - - - - - -
Vessel for tea - - - - -
Helps with knots in the hair - - - -
This animal is very similar to humans - - - -
Helps with bad eyes - - - - - -
Not only eaten in winter - - - - -

1.5 New spelling and special regulations

In the following words, the vowels are pronounced briefly, but the consonants are not doubled. Therefore, you should memorize these words.

  • Remember a number of monosyllabic words (especially from English):
  • Jet, job, cap, club or club, pop, twen, hit, fit ...
  • Note the foreign-language endings -ik and -it, which can be spoken with a short but also with a long vowel:
  • Criticism, politics, credit, profit, ...
  • Also remember the following foreign words:
  • Pineapple, April, hotel, camera, chapter, limit, mini, relief, robot
  • In the case of other foreign words, according to the new German spelling, short vowels are characterized by the fact that they are followed by double consonants.

    Old spelling

    New notation

    number

    number

    Clumsy

    Clumsy

    Tip

    tip

    mop

    mop

    Exceptions: Words that are strongly perceived as foreign words, such as numeric, are not affected.

    Words with the suffix -in, such as testimony, also remain unchanged.

    1.6 Solutions to the exercises

    To 1.1 Complete the consonant list


    b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, (y), z

    To 1.2


    Sack: short
    Messenger: long
    Soup: short
    Issue: short
    Whale: long
    Choice: long

    Hast: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
    Lust: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
    Gram: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
    Ware: the vowel is pronounced long because it is followed by a consonant
    Soup: the vowel is pronounced briefly, because it is followed by two consonants
    Drive: the vowel is pronounced long, because it is followed by an h

    To 1.3


    Glas: the vowel sounds long, so the word must be spelled with s.
    Rabbit: the vowel sounds long, so the word must be spelled with s.
    Hatred: the vowel sounds short, so the word must be spelled with ss.

    To 1.4


    A group of students - class
    Vessel for tea - pot
    Helps with knots in the hair - comb
    This animal is very similar to humans - monkey
    Helps with bad eyes - glasses
    Not only popular in winter - soup

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