How can you make super glue
Removing superglue - tips for all surfaces
Superglue is suitable for many DIY and handicrafts. Unfortunately, it's all too easy for the glue to get into places it shouldn't. Or maybe glued parts of the work should be detached from each other. With these tips superglue can be removed again.
Superglue is a popular material for many do-it-yourself and handicraft jobs. Different materials can be permanently connected to one another in a matter of seconds. Superglue or super glue is based on the substance cyanoacrylate. This substance reacts with humidity and is dried and hardened after a few minutes. When doing handicrafts or DIY, superglue can get into unwanted places on objects, clothing or skin. For the different surfaces, such as wood, metal, stone, glass, ceramic, lacquer, plastic, textiles and skin, there are different ways to remove the superglue.
The cyanoacrylate contained in the superglue combines in seconds with the moisture from the normal room air. The drying and hardening process begins as soon as the adhesive emerges from the tube. The superglue is hardened within a few minutes. Complete curing will take approximately two hours reached. If superglue has landed on an unintended area, it should as quickly as possible be removed again. It is best to remove it before the complete degree of hardening is achieved, as the edge areas of the glue point can be easiest loosened within this time. But the superglue can also be removed when it has completely hardened. Unfortunately, however, this involves a little more effort.
The various options for removing superglue at a glance:
- Superglue remover from the trade
- Mechanical removal by scraping off the adhesive
- Dissolving the superglue by applying heat
- Removal with solvents: acetone or 2-butanone
- Wash out with oil, hot water, washing-up liquid and soapy water
- Remove superglue in the cold
Various removers for superglue from well-known brand manufacturers as well as so-called "no-name" products are available in different price categories. The exact ingredients are barely listed. When using a remover for superglue from the trade, the instructions that are usually on the packaging should be read very carefully. Only removers for the specified materials should be used. It is also very useful to test the remover on a smaller, less visible area before working on larger or clearly visible areas with the superglue remover.
In the worst case, the surface can become detached, for example with Wood or lacquerwhich can then leave unattractive marks. For example, there may be traces of rubbing with lighter discolorations on wooden surfaces or the surface material may show through on varnished surfaces. Commercially available superglue removers can be used on smooth surfaces such as glass or metal.
On textile surfaces These removers are often not suitable at all and also when used on the skin This remover should be handled with great care as it can contain very unhealthy chemical compounds.
Tips: Before using a commercially available superglue remover, the instructions for use should be read very carefully! Only use on the skin if suitability is expressly described on the packaging. The superglue remover should not be used or used near the face, especially the mouth, eyes and nose. A test should be carried out on less visible areas of the surfaces to be treated.
On smooth surfaces, such as Glass, metal or smooth polished Stone tiles superglue can be carefully scraped off again after it has hardened. Appropriate tools for this, such as a glass spatula, can be bought in any hardware store. Mechanical scraping of the superglue is not possible on textiles or the skin. Experiments with superglue with a spatula or similar can leave scratches and unsightly marks on surfaces made of wood, lacquer or plastic.
Tips: Care should be taken when scraping off the superglue. Excessive pressure should not be exerted on the surface to be processed, as the spatula or the working tool could otherwise make scratches, grooves or grooves in the substrate. Knives should not be used to scrape off superglue due to the risk of injury and the easy leaving of unsightly scratches. The spatula should be placed as flat as possible when scraping off the superglue in order to avoid deep scratches on the surface.
Removal by application of heat
The hardened adhesive layer of the superglue can be loosened by applying great heat. Either a is suitable for this Hot air dryer or one Heat gun for craftsmen. The hot air gun has the advantage that the hot air can be directed very precisely to the glued areas. When working with the heat gun or the heat gun, the first thing to try is the Edges of the glued areas to solve. Often the remaining adhesive layer can then be removed mechanically by hand or a spatula.
Removing superglue with a hot air blower or hot air gun is not equally suitable for all surfaces or should only be used with great caution. For example, the Lacquers can also be removed from painted surfaces. Plastic or plastic surfaces could be deformed by the hot air. Working with the heat gun can result in very high temperatures. If the heat is continuously fixed on one point, it can be on the surface, for example on Wooden surfaces, also cause burns. The consequence of this is unsightly dark to black discoloration.
Tip: The heat should only be applied to the bonds at short intervals so that the treated area does not overheat and can cool down a little again between the intervals.
Remove with acetone solvent
Simple means of loosening glue residues from the superglue are acetone or 2-butanone.
Acetone is found in solvents that you can buy in hardware stores. Acetone or 2-butanone are often components of commercial superglue removers. Furthermore, acetone is also in nail polish remover or can be obtained in small quantities from pharmacies. The removal of glue residues from the superglue with acetone or 2-butanone is particularly possible on surfaces Glass, stone, ceramic and uncoated metal. Also textiles can be treated well with acetone. Here, the superglue can be removed from the fabric fibers by rubbing harder after the acetone has acted for a certain time. The textiles should then be washed in the washing machine.
Small amounts of nail polish remover are available in almost every household or else can be quickly bought in any drug store. The acetone can be used on almost all surfaces. Acetone is too aggressive for objects made of plastic and on painted surfaces it acts like a solvent, or can do so paint with dissolve. Since acetone is a flammable substance and also gives off vapors, working with acetone or nail polish remover should take place carefully and in well-ventilated rooms. It also applies to 2-butanone that it is a flammable substance and can give off harmful vapors. These vapors should not be inhaled directly, and either acetone or 2-butanone should be kept away from the face, especially the eyes, nose, and mouth. 2-Butanone is available as a solvent in pharmacies or online shops for craftsmanship.
Remove with oil, water, detergent
Is superglue on clothes or others textiles landed, it can be removed with oil that can creep (cooking oil) and a water bath with washing-up liquid or soapy water. The oil should be applied to the affected areas and massaged in for a while. The oil should then act on the stain for a longer period of time. The oil softens the superglue and can be mechanically scraped off with a scraper or something similar. The clothes should then be washed several times by hand in a warm water bath with detergent, washing-up liquid or soapy water. If there are still glue residues in the fibers, a further cycle with application and soaking in oil and subsequent washing can help to clean the clothes or other textiles. On Carpeting a similar procedure can be used to remove superglue that has flown onto the carpet. The fibers of the carpet can then be cleaned by lightly dabbing and rubbing.
If there is no oil available, only one can do it for now water bath be tried. The clothing or other textiles should then be soaked in a water bath at least 60 to 80 ° C. The hot water bath can soften and loosen the dried out glue. These can then be removed mechanically from clothing, for example. In any case, an additive should be found in the water bath Washing-up liquid or soapy water, as pure water reacts with the cyanoacrylate and binds the superglue.
Tip: When it comes to textiles or items of clothing, however, make sure that not all fabrics and materials can withstand such high temperatures without being damaged, such as wool, silk, viscose and others.
In the case of cherished or valuable items of clothing, the removal of the adhesive residue should be left to a chemical cleaning company. The cleaning companies have a great deal of experience in handling the removal of adhesives. You can also use it to clean carpets or if glue has gotten onto upholstered furniture Cleaning service provider be commissioned. In this case, however, relatively high costs can arise. These would have to be requested from the respective cleaning company on a case-by-case basis.
Removal by cold
Like heat, sub-zero cold can also help remove superglue. Contaminated textiles or other glued objects can, for example, be placed in the freezer in the refrigerator or freezer for a few hours. Freezing causes the superglue to become brittle or simply jump off because the rest of the material contracts due to the cold. The super glue can then be mechanically removed from the fabric or other materials of articles by peeling, scraping, scraping or vigorous rubbing. After removing the upper layers of adhesive, the clothing or fabric pieces should be washed in a warm water bath with soapy water or in the washing machine to loosen the remaining impurities from the superglue from the fibers.
Of course, the superglue can only be removed in this way with the aid of cold supply from objects that fit in the freezer compartment or in the freezer.
Tip: In the pharmacy there is Cooler spray, which is usually used in the medical field for pain relief or for ambulatory anesthesia for injuries. With the help of this cold spray, when spraying for a long time on the areas soiled by the adhesive, the superglue can become brittle or crack off. The residues can then easily be removed again by rubbing or scraping.
For glue points with superglue on the skin However, the cold spray should not be used as it could freeze the skin layers underneath and cause serious injuries. The cold spray should only be used with great care and in well-ventilated rooms. It is also not suitable for all materials and can act like a solvent on painted surfaces, for example. The cold spray cannot be used on plastic objects either.
Remove superglue from the skin
Bonding to the skin with superglue can be very uncomfortable or painful. When removing the adhesive layers, great care should be taken to avoid further damage or injury. Mechanical influences such as strong rubbing or scratching should be avoided. This could further damage deeper layers of the skin. The most gentle way of removing superglue from the skin is to apply the affected area of skin all at once for a long time warm water bath with soapy water soak and massage gently until the glue loosens. Another option is to be very careful with the affected skin area nail polish remover to dab and peel off the top adhesive layer. However, the nail polish remover should be used very sparingly, as it is not a very healthy solvent for the skin and it could also lead to redness or rashes on sensitive skin. The peeling of the glue with Cooking oil and then washing the skin area with warm soapy water can also be helpful. In most cases, the superglue cannot be completely removed from the skin because it is also absorbed into the fine pores of the skin and hardens quickly.
After peeling off the top adhesive layers, the skin should be covered with a cream be taken care of, because it remains elastic and a more pleasant feeling on the skin. The acetone in the nail polish remover dries out the skin. For this reason, too, the affected areas of the skin should be well cared for with a cream or petroleum jelly. After one to two days, the natural sweat and the Regenerative ability the skin so that the rest of the superglue is repelled by itself. If larger areas of skin or very sensitive areas of skin, such as mucous membranes with superglue contamination on the face, eyes, nose or mouth, or even children are affected, medical advice and help should perhaps be called in.
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