How are intelligence and madness connected?

Genius: what makes it up

Those who can do something that others admire but cannot master themselves quickly become genius explained. In most cases, this includes not only the outstanding mastery of one thing, but a bundle of skills. A typical example of this are universal geniuses like Goethe - people who, in their “main occupation”, are, for example, writers, but also natural scientists at the same time. What else makes a person a genius? Do you have to be a polymath to do this? Or is there still the potential for genius in us?

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Genius definition: what makes a genius?

In everyday life it is more common to hear that this or that person is a “genius”, even with “genial” as an exclamation, people rarely save if something is rated positively. It is a token of admiration and sincere appreciation of skills that someone would like to have themselves.

Genie has two origins: In the English-speaking world, it derives from Latin genius from and stands for a Roman protective spirit that was inherent in every man and gave him fertility. In this country, genius is Latin ingenium returned and stands for natural, innate talent.

There has been a lot of debate over the centuries as to what constitutes a genius. While in the past the divine origin dominated the deliberations, an understanding gradually developed that sees a person in a genius who is something of his own accord creates and completesinstead of just imitating what already exists.

The dichotomy has remained: alternatively, genius designates one person, the one outstanding creative talent is awarded or the talent or talent itself is named that way.

Awareness is not the only decisive factor

There is a lot of argument about who is a genius or not. It is not enough if only one person thinks someone is great. Someone may do their job excellently, so he or she is not yet a genius. A footballer has impressive body control, but only if one large fan base that also sees it that way, there are increasing signs of ingenuity.

Worship alone is critical again. Some influencers are likely to be the best example of this. People who have thousands or even millions of followers on Instagram just because of their appearance are adored, but they don't create anything outstanding yet persisted after her death would have.

A prerequisite for someone to be seen as a genius is often one Form of creativity. It is not for nothing that many artists and inventors are represented among the people who are commonly referred to as geniuses, such as Vincent Van Gogh, Albert Einstein or Nikola Tesla.

At the same time, the evaluation of certain personalities always depends on the highest subjective things such as the culture and political worldview of the viewer. Seen in this way, there is no general validity about it; subsequent generations or people from other cultures may judge differently a person who is currently recognized by many as a genius.

Innate Genius or Hard Work?

If someone has skills that are difficult for others, it is usually assumed that they are highly intelligent. This shows the old question Talent or training. Or to put it another way: Does being a genius mean you don't have to continue working, you don't have to train your own skills because everything falls to you?

Or rather, do you have to work hard despite a possibly quicker grasp? Has anyone ever heard of geniuses who relax from the sofa in sweatpants without lifting a finger stroll through studies and then make groundbreaking innovations?

Or, rather, couldn't it be that a genius is usually far too preoccupied with what drives him to waste time on boasting? Some geniuses just draw Modesty. Up to the bizarre.

The best example of this is the Russian mathematician Grigori Perelman, who made the renowned Fields Medal and prize money suggested a million dollars. And who at the age of 52 lives completely withdrawn with his mother.

Others tend to be eccentric, also encouraged by massive substance abuse, which brings with it or exacerbates unsightly psychological problems. It is not for nothing that it is said that Genius and madness lie close together. Both can be observed in many artists, actors and musicians.

Characteristics of a genius

Is it really intelligence that turns a person into a genius? So gifted people would automatically have to be high-flyers. A long-term study with children carried out by the American psychologist Lewis Terman in 1921 (and continues to this day) comes to a different conclusion.

The basic assumption from a psychological point of view is that someone with a IQ of over 140 has the potential to be a genius. In the study carried out by Terman, more than 1,000 particularly intelligent children were selected from whom it was hoped that outstanding achievements and successes would be achieved over time.

However, this did not materialize - two people who were excluded from the sample later had great success instead low intelligence had been excluded. This example makes it clear that equating high IQ or giftedness with genius or ingenuity does not work.

Terman's colleague Catharine Cox also wanted to know what makes a genius. She discovered that certain personality traits can be seen in geniuses. Intelligence represents the cognitive potential; however really one creative genius to be, it requires such qualities as ...

  • persistence

    When it comes to trying something new, expect failure. After all, how something could work is not immediately apparent. This is exactly what distinguishes successful people: They try things over and over again, change the test procedure slightly, and fail to dissuade them.

    Read more about this here:

  • intuition

    A genius is expected to have constant flashes of inspiration in the shower. Something like that can happen, but normal people are also familiar with it. Another characteristic is much more pronounced in geniuses: intuition. This quiet, creeping feeling for something that cannot be precisely justified. Those who follow this are often right.

    Read more about this here:

  • creativity

    Creative people approach things from multiple angles. Lateral thinking is a matter of course for them. With rigid guidelines, on the other hand, they feel restricted.

    Read more about this here:

  • openness

    Some geniuses may be loners who don't like to socialize. Many get their inspiration from others and are open to new approaches. And are sometimes even more successful than the author - as happened with Thomas Alva Edison, who profited significantly from Nikola Tesla's discoveries. The Geo-Magazin once ran the headline “The Deceived Genius”, because Edison took all the laurels.

    Read more about this here:

  • imagination

    People with a high level of imagination think differently. Sometimes daydreams hang behind and spin them further. This is exactly what sometimes leads to completely wild ideas that are tried out.

    Read more about this here:

Can you learn ingenuity?

Am i a genius If not, can I be? Where do geniuses come from? These questions probably go through their minds for one or the other. Looking at the personality traits above, it can be seen that the characteristics of a genius are at least not as exclusive as initially assumed.

However, play a number other factors into the development of a person. Plant and surroundings it is said again and again, in other words: genes play an important role, but so do the social environment, family, school and role models.

No one can change their genes, but "born stupid and learned nothing" does not have to be: Intelligence can be increased. Fluid intelligence in particular is only genetically influenced by 40 percent, the rest can be trained.

However, intelligence alone is of no use to you if you do not enjoy what you are doing. Genius does not become genius because it has doggedly resolved to be called such. Rather, such people are driven by an inner motivation. You are passionate about something and try to get a little better in that area.

They use any form of help for these improvements great thirst for knowledge is certainly not harmful. But also training when it comes to refining manual skills. For example, by practicing a piece of music or a choreography again, the piece of jewelery is given the final touch.

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