What are some problems with Korean society

The children of South Korea

Realizing children's rights in South Korea

South Korea, officially known as the Republic of Korea, is one of the most powerful economies in East Asia. And South Korea is not only a recipient of humanitarian aid, it also offers it itself. However, despite the great strides that South Korea has made, certain problems remain, particularly in the area of ​​children's rights.

Realization of Children's Rights Index: 8,89/ 10
Yellow: pretty good location

Population: 48.95 M.
Population 0-14 years: 14,6 %

Life expectancy: 81.5 years
Child mortality: 3 ‰

Main problems children face in South Korea:

Child abuse

In fact, corporal punishment is illegal in South Korea. Nevertheless, one encounters this type of punishment both at home and in educational institutions. Teachers do not generally refuse to hit or beat their students. Parents resort to corporal punishment because they believe it strengthens their children's characters and want to show them how much they love them.

right to education

The South Korean education system is very competitive and performance-oriented. Children are exposed to a lot of pressure and some of them cannot withstand the pressure. Some of them have already committed suicide as a result of the fact that they could no longer endure the continued competition and abuse they face from their teachers. Prevention campaigns have already been carried out, but these are not sufficient to effectively address the problem of suicide among minors.


Children from international marriages have difficulty speaking Korean fluently. Accordingly, they are more likely to have comprehension and learning difficulties at school. This in turn leads to them being teased and bullied by classmates and sometimes teachers. Migrant children face similar difficulties in the learning context.

Disabled children

Children who suffer from mental or physical impairments are often marginalized by the social security systems. They don't go to school and therefore have no place in civil society. In addition, it is often difficult for disabled children to find their way around their situation because they do not receive the health care they would need.

freedom of speech

In some educational institutions, children's opinions are not considered at all. The Children's Rights Committee has therefore recommended that the South Korean government should do more to take account of children's participation and opinions at all levels - at home, in school and in society at large.

Sexual abuse

South Korea is both a source and a hub and destination of the sex trade, especially those who trade in women and children. Young Chinese girls are smuggled through South Korea before they are sent on to the USA and are sexually exploited there. Women from Russia, Uzbekistan, China, the Philippines, Thailand and other South Asian countries are often exploited economically and sexually. They are lured to South Korea with false promises of work; once there, they quickly realize that they have been promised to South Korean men instead, or that the work offered is related to sex tourism.


Each inhabitant of South Korea produces approximately 3.7 million tons of carbon dioxide per year. This problem needs to be addressed urgently. Children are particularly hard hit by the effects of such pollution. It jeopardizes their right to grow up and live in a healthy environment and it affects their future prospects. South Korea has made initial strides in reducing its environmental footprint, but much more needs to be done.