What are the national symbols of Algeria

Algeria

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  • People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • presidential republic
  • Name: Al-Jumhuriya al-Jaza'iriya ad dimuqratiya ash-sha'biya

Overview

• flag

• Meaning / origin of the flag

• coat of arms

• historical coats of arms

• Meaning / origin of the coat of arms

• aircraft cockade

• Map

• Facts and figures

• History

• Origin of the country name



flag


National and commercial flag,
Aspect ratio = 2: 3,
Source, based on: Corel Draw 4






Meaning / origin of the flag

The flag of Algeria shows two vertical stripes in green and white, above, "above everything", a red crescent moon with a red five-pointed star. The color green, the crescent moon and the star are symbols of Islam, while red used to be the color of socialism and now stands for freedom. The white color represents righteousness and integrity. It goes back to a standard of the freedom hero Abd el-Kader (1808-1883). The flag was first used in anti-French demonstrations in 1925. Later they took over the Algerian People's Party, and in 1954 also the National Liberation Front (FLN). On July 3rd, 1962, Independence Day, the flag was officially hoisted. Messali Haj is considered to be the creator of the flag.

Source: The world of flags, flags coat of arms hymns




coat of arms



since 1976,
Coat of arms of Algeria,
Source, according to: Wikipedia (D)




historical coat of arms



1830–1962,
Coat of arms of Algeria,
Source, according to: Wikipedia (EN)



1962–1971,
Coat of arms of Algeria,
Source, according to: Civic Heraldry, Wikipedia (D)



1971–1975,
Coat of arms of Algeria,
Source, according to: Flags of the World, Corel Draw 4, Wikipedia (D)



1975–1976,
Coat of arms of Algeria,
Source, according to: Flags of the World, Flags Wappen Hymnen




Meaning / origin of the coat of arms

Initially, the coat of arms of Algeria was shown on a shield, but from 1971 - following French heraldic tradition - no coat of arms was used in Algeria, but a state seal. At first it was black and white, later also in color. It was round and showed a red star and a red crescent in the middle, three ears of wheat above the crescent, two national flags and the hand of Fatima, a symbol of luck. The whole thing was surrounded by a wreath made from a palm and an olive branch. In 1975 a new seal was introduced. In addition to the hand of Fatima and the crescent moon with the star, it also shows a mountain landscape with the rising sun, industrial plants and agricultural crops, with an Arabic inscription since 1976.

Source: Flags of the World, The World of Flags, Flags Coat of Arms Hymns




Aircraft cockade



Aircraft cockade,
Source, according to: Wikipedia (EN)



1962–1964,
Aircraft cockade,
Source, according to: Wikipedia (EN)




map

Location:

Source: CIA World Factbook

Country map:

Source: CIA World Factbook




facts and figures

Area: 2,381,741 km²

Population: 42,973,000 (2020), including 20,000 Europeans

Religions: 99% Muslim, 0.7% Christian

Population density: 18 inhabitants / km²

Capital: Algiers (Al-Djazâir), 2.159.000 Ew. (2008)

Official language: Arabic, Tamazight

other languages: French

Currency: 1 Algerian dinar (DA, DZD) = 100 centimes

Time zone: CET

Source: Wikipedia (D)




history

Early · Settlement by Berber tribes in the east of the Tuareg

12th century BC BC · Phoenician trading bases on the coast

202 BC BC · Kingdom of Numidia

46 BC BC · Conquest of Numidia by the Roman Empire, united with Carthage to form the Roman province of Numidia-Mauretania

429 AD · Incursion of the Vandals, foundation of the Vandal Empire

534 Conquest by the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium)

697 · Conquest by the Arabs, Islamization

11th century · the Berber dynasty of the Almoravids takes over power

1147 · the Almohad dynasty takes power

13th century · the Almohad empire falls apart

1269 · Kingdom of the Abd-al-Wadids in the west

16th century · Spain tries to take over the coast

1519 · the region falls under the protection of the Ottoman Empire, but is subjugated by the Turks and becomes a Vilâyet

1711 · The region is able to break away from the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire, maximum development of piracy and the capture of slaves

1830 · France begins to conquer the region

1847 · decisive victory of the French against Abd el-Kader

1881 · France gains full control over the north of the country, three departments are annexed directly to France

1947 · Algeria statute, all residents of the country receive French citizenship

1954 Beginning of the Algerian War for the country's independence (until 1962), under the leadership of the National Liberation Front (FLN)

05.07.1962 · Algeria gains independence, development of a dictatorship of the FLN

1965 · Military coup by Colonel Houari Boumedienne, turning to socialism

1988 · Riots, the FLN gives up its monopoly of power, new constitution

1991/1992 · Parliamentary elections, because of a feared victory by Islamists, power is gradually taken over by the military

1992–1999 · Civil War

Source: Wikipedia (D)




Origin of the country name

The name of the country goes back to the capital Algiers. The name of the capital is in Arabic: "Al-Djazâir", which means "The Islands", and refers to the location of the city founded by Berbers around the year 950.

Source: Handbook of Geographical Names