How would you fix a gerrymandered district
Speaker: I am pleased to introduce you today
BrianOlson, a former member of this office for a number of years
ago, who'sbeendoingcomputerscienceformany, manyyears
who has been doing IT for many, many years
and was also interested in an application
Computer science to politics.
So here today to talk about your thoughts
Using computer science to achieve better democracy.
Please say hello to BrianOlson.
BRIANOLSON: Well, if you ever had
the feeling that our democracies are not entirely fair,
and sometimes the deck is stacked, you're right.
We have democracy in many places
that was distorted by the state parliament,
Use your strength to ensure that your favorite candidate
InFloridain 2010, theypassedbyballotinitiative
In Florida they were passed on an election initiative in 2010
anewlawtopreventthat from happening, butitdidn'twork.
A new law to prevent this from happening, but it didn't work.
This map, drawn up by the legislature of the federal state of Florida, was created later
Thrown out by court ruling.
This is what we call Gerrymandering.
Gerrymandering is the distortion of districts
Representative districts, against a political end.
How does it work?
So let's assume you have this hypothetical card
hasthe 60-40 splitinitspopulationfavoring
has favored the 60-40 split in its population
the green people.
If you simply cut up the supervisor,
You get three districts that win the green people
and two districts that the purple people gain,
Maintaining this relationship.
When you cut it differently and pack enough green people
in just a couple of districts, you
can get three districts, in which the purple minority wins,
so invert and let the minority power
have the majority power in this five-member state parliament.
Or when you do it differently and the purple people split
justright, theydon't getamajorityanywhere,
exactly right, you will not get a majority anywhere,
and they are completely excluded.
Thesis strategy of "packingandcracking"
These "pack and crack" strategies
have been used in many places in our country.
This district was found in Florida
illegal to pack too many people
an underrepresented group in a district
otherwise they would have less influence.
Florida did that in 2012.
Butthisisgerrymandering from 1812 in Massachusetts,
But that is Gerrymandering of 1812 in Massachusetts,
woder term was found.
Governor ElbridgeGerry signed the law
this map drawn in political caricature
than this conspicuous dragon, a salamander
So the "Gerrymander" is minted.
It has gotten much worse recently because computers have allowed it
People, in order to draw lines very finely, look
In general, the demographics are small pockets
of a hundred people here and there,
and thus make designer districts fair
for your special purpose.
But what if we used that computational power
But what if we used the same computing power?
completely impartial districts to make that
I was just trying to make a local presentation
without political prejudice?
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