What is your approach to everything
Physical limitation is the main characteristic of frailty; But, according to some evidence, other factors such as psychological, cognitive or social aspects also contribute to the multidimensional disease. Cognition is currently seen as an important aspect of frailty. Cognitive and physical frailty interact with each other: cognitive problems and dementia are more common in physically frail individuals, and those with cognitive limitations are more prone to developing physical frailty. Ultimately, social frailty is significantly linked to disease impact and mortality.
In current clinical practice, many risk tests are already available for early identification and measures for physical frailty and cognitive decline, such as biomarkers (APOE4, inflammation markers, VitaminD, etc.), clinical measurements (MMSE, GDS, gait, weight, strength , Balance, etc.), as well as image recordings (MRI, CT, etc.). Aside from solid, clinical evidence as "single shot" examinations, unfortunately, all tests are not sensitive enough to early and small changes in risk factors to adequately prevent associated diseases such as dementia, sarcopenia or falls in later life.
In addition to this clinical practice, many technological solutions have been introduced over the last few years to support active aging and to combat frailty, cognitive decline and the social isolation of the elderly. Apart from the fact that these ICT-based solutions are of a certain importance with regard to eliminating individual risks (e.g. risk of falling, etc.), there is still the need for a holistic approach that addresses all individual risks together. In addition, it is necessary not only to identify the risks, but also to offer related measures based on evaluations of risk analyzes.
That is exactly the actual goal of the my-AHA project: To target an ICT-based solution for the early failure of risks and measures (i.e. prevention) to support active and healthy aging and to reduce cognitive limitations, frailty, depression and falls through inconspicuous behavior, based on large data collections recorded from everyday life (see figure below).
The my-AHA solution supports active and healthy aging by enabling early identification and minimizing the risks associated with aging and specifically dementia (MCI), depression (mood), falls and frailty. In this regard, the early identification of risks works on three fundamental aspects of the life of older people: physical activity (through the evaluation of vital parameters, gait, sleep quality and general movement patterns and the risk of falling), cognitive activities (through observation of the cognitive level, for example in excerpts) and social activity (e.g. by analyzing users' feelings and language quality).
On the other hand, my-AHA designs show more efficient and more effective ICT-based measures against the detected risks through the integration of innovative ICT solutions and the involvement of stakeholders. The social activities as well as cognitive and physical training and the proposed diet plan proposed for older people via the new platform will help users to change their behavior permanently and thus to react in a good way to the consequences of old age.
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