What was Microsoft's first browser

Browser history: the 10 most important milestones

Gord Goble

Internet without a browser? Inconceivably! Internet Explorer, Navigator, Opera: We have compiled the ten most important milestones in history for you.

The WWW is an important part of the Internet that has changed our lives. The most important tool of the World Wide Web is the browser. with which we surf from one page to the next. Without this software, the Internet would never have made its triumphant advance. The browsers developed and are still evolving. The colleagues from our sister publication PC-World have summarized the ten most important milestones in browser history.

ARPANET, 1969

EnlargeMainframes from several universities were connected to the ARPANET.

In 1969 the Beatles recorded "The End" and two people landed on the moon. Only visionaries and madmen spoke of PCs and the Internet. There was no browser. A little something was born called ARPANET, developed by the Department of Defense. The aim was to promote research networking. Mainframes from several universities were connected to ARPANET. For 20 years, ARPANET was the Internet.

WorldWideWeb (also known as Nexus), 1991

EnlargeTim Berners-Lee developed the first browser.

In 1990, two decades after its introduction, the comparatively slow and sluggish ARPANET was dead. It was replaced by newer network technologies and concepts, including one from Switzerland. This not only survived the time but changed our culture forever. It was called the World Wide Web and was "invented" in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist from the research institute CERN.

Two years later, the World Wide Web had its first browser, WorldWideWeb (note the lack of spaces). This, too, came from Berners-Lee and was the first readily available access to the online world in 1991 - which primarily consisted of CERN-owned information and managed without erotic pages.

Mosaic, 1993

EnlargeFor the first time, Mosaic displayed text and images together.

Mosaic was the first browser to display text and images together. It was developed at the University of Illinois National Center for Supercomputing Applications, in addition to its widespread use and the lack of technical hocus-pocus. Mosaic was also the first browser that ran relatively smoothly on Windows computers.

The browser remained popular for several years and eventually laid the foundation for the web-dominant browsers in the 1990s.

Netscape Navigator, 1994

EnlargeMosaic's successor is called Netscape.

Netscape Navigator was the successor to Mosaic and was largely developed by the same team. Marc Andreessen, developer of Mosaic and co-founder of Netscape, greatly improved the successor. He made the internet a colorful and lively city. Navigator supports loading the page directly when it is called. Users could also call up Internet pages that had no university connection but a dial-up modem with a transmission speed of 14.4 kbit / s. In addition, almost all companies took part in the spread of the Internet. What more could a surfer ask for?