What causes cloudy, pale yellow urine

That tells the color of your urine about you

What is urine and what is it made of?

Every drop of blood is filtered by the kidneys about 300 times a day. The substances that your body cannot use or that could harm it are excreted through the bladder - with the help of urine. It consists of 95 percent water. Therefore you should always drink enough. The remaining five percent urine content is made up of urea and electrolytes, creatinine, uric acid and other acids, vitamins, hormones, colorants, salts and other breakdown products such as drug residues. Healthy urine is clear, light yellow, and has little odor.

What does urine say about your health?

In the morning it is usually a little darker, but during the day it becomes lighter. Sometimes it turns reddish and sometimes it is colorless. The color of the urine varies mainly with the amount of drinks you drink. Urine has been used as an important diagnostic tool since ancient times. Physicians of earlier generations even took a taste test and recognized diabetes mellitus (“honey-sweet flow”) since the 17th century.

Today urine is examined in laboratories for all possible ingredients and thus provides clues for pregnancy, an infection, an inflammation, tumors and the like. You can find out a lot about yourself if you look at and smell your urine regularly and can identify possible diseases early on. But be careful! Urine that looks normal can also show signs of illness. That is why a urine sample is standard in many routine examinations.

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What does the smell reveal about your urine?

You've probably noticed the almost pungent, somewhat cabbage-like smell of urine after you've eaten asparagus. If not, then you are not one of the so-called “asparagus pissers”. The reason why urine smells strong is the sulfur-containing carboxylic acid aspartic acid. In addition, the eponymous amino acid L-asparagine and the high potassium content of asparagus have a diuretic effect. Even if that sounds like a lot of acid - asparagus is healthy and has a positive effect on the intestinal flora, for example. Temporary changes in smell, such as those caused by onions and garlic, are therefore harmless. However, if the urine constantly smells strange or different, this can be a sign of illness. A sweet smell, for example, indicates an unrecognized diabetes, an ammonia-like odor indicates a urinary tract infection, and a fish-like odor in women indicates an infection in the genital area. If the urine smells foul, this may indicate a tumor in the urinary tract. If you have any noticeable smells, you should consult a doctor and have the urine tested.

What warning signs are there?

Your urine has changed color and you also have pain when urinating or in your stomach? This indicates a bladder infection or a kidney infection. Please go to the doctor!

What does the color of the urine say?

  • Colorless
    In any case, you drink enough water. Maybe it's a little too much.
  • Light yellow
    Your urine is fine. You drink enough.
  • Dark yellow
    The color is still normal. But you should have a drink soon.
  • Amber or honey
    Your body urgently needs fluids! Please have a drink.
  • brown
    You drank far too little. Your body is dehydrated. Drink plenty of water right away. See a doctor if the color persists. It can also be a sign of liver disease.
  • Pink / reddish
    First of all: don't panic. Have you eaten blueberries, beetroot, rhubarb or beets in the past few hours? Then the discoloration comes off. If not, the color suggests blood. Sometimes only thread-like streaks can be seen in the blood. These are often signs of inflammation in the bladder or kidneys, a tumor, or prostate problems. Sometimes it can also be due to mercury or lead poisoning. In any case, please go to the doctor.
  • orange
    The color may just indicate that you are not drinking enough. But it can also indicate a disease in the bile duct or liver duct. Please have a doctor examine this.
  • Blue green
    If your urine looks bluish-greenish, you're sure to get scared at first. The color is very unusual, but it is likely from some food you have eaten. But sometimes it is also the visible sign of a genetic disease or a bacterial infection. If it persists even after several visits to the toilet and you get stomach pain, for example, please see a doctor.
  • Milky / cloudy
    If your urine is milky or cloudy, you may have a bladder infection. Urea becomes cloudy from cervical mucus, proteins and blood cells that fuse and become deposited in the urine. The clouding could also indicate kidney stones. Better get this checked out by a doctor.
  • Foamy or bubbly
    If your urine foams, this can be an indication of protein in the urine (proteinuria). This can happen to young people through stress, physical strain or fever. Often, however, foamy urine indicates kidney disease. The kidneys can then no longer properly filter the proteins, they can be found in the urine. Better to see a doctor!
  • black
    Some drugs, for example with the active ingredients L-dopa or alpha-methyldopa, cause the urine to be very dark in color. If you are not taking any medication, you should definitely consult a doctor. Because then the dark color can indicate the metabolic disorder alkaptonuria or a certain form of skin cancer.