What is normal rice
White rice has only one advantage over brown rice: it has a longer shelf life. In return, however, it loses a very large part of the minerals and vitamins previously contained. Since today one is hardly dependent on a food that can be kept for many years, even this property is no longer an argument in favor of white rice. Whole grain rice can be kept for a good year, which is usually long enough.
Quick cook rice (minute rice)
Fast cooking rice is usually a white rice. It was pre-cooked once and then dried again. This means that it can be cooked again quickly, but has lost both nutrients and taste during pre-cooking.
Dry rice is not a processing form, nor is it a single type of rice, but a special form of cultivation that is only possible in certain areas and only with special types of rice. Usually rice is cultivated in the classic wet rice cultivation, which means that the rice needs a lot of water and is therefore dependent on regular rainfall or irrigation. Usually it even grows in stagnant water.
Dry rice, on the other hand, can also be grown in areas where wet cultivation is not possible, for example in regions with little rainfall or in the mountains. Here, however, a high level of humidity is necessary in any case. The disadvantage is that you have to struggle with heavy weed growth, which in wet cultivation is significantly inhibited by the constant flooding in growth. This and the lower yields make dry rice very expensive, so that it is a rarity.
Wild rice is not a type of rice. Wild rice (also called Indian rice) belongs to the sweet grass family, but represents a genus of its own, namely the so-called water rice (Zizania). It grows primarily on the banks of rivers, lakes or ponds and comes mainly from North America, but also from East Asia under the name "Manchurian water rice".
Wild rice can be recognized by its long black grains. However, the black color is only created through drying and roasting. It has significantly more protein than real rice, namely 12-18 percent, while the protein content of rice is only 2 to 3 percent. Wild rice is characterized by a strong nutty and (due to the roasting) slightly smoky aroma.
This is not a special variety, but simply unripe rice that still has its green color. Green rice is used in traditional Thai cuisine.
Spelled rice and Co. is not one of the rice varieties
Occasionally you come across spelled rice, einkorn rice or wheat rice. These are not rice varieties. The respective grain has only been treated in a similar way to rice, namely ground and polished. This significantly reduces preparation time and the grain can be used as a side dish, just like rice.
It is often said that rice is contaminated with arsenic. We have published a separate article on this. You can find it here: arsenic in rice
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- Rice varieties at a glance, reishunger.de
- Rice varieties at a glance, special features and use, foodinfo.net
- Water rice, Wikipedia
- Rice (wild rice), naturkost.de
- Rice varieties, thai-thaifood.de
- All-rounder cooking with grain, the vegetable gardener
- Dry rice cultivation, reishunger.de
Notice on health issues
This information is passed to the best of my knowledge and belief. They are intended exclusively for those interested and for further training and are in no way to be understood as diagnostic or therapeutic instructions. We do not assume any liability for damages of any kind, which arise directly or indirectly from the use of the information. If you suspect illness, please consult your doctor or alternative practitioner
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