Why is nudity considered morally wrong

General ethics and practical philosophy

Handbook of Peace Ethics pp 77-91 | Cite as

  • Konrad Ott
Chapter
First Online:

Summary

The article clarifies the conceptual relationship between morals, morality and ethics and defines three tasks of ethical criticism. Thereupon levels of ethics are differentiated and level-specific problems are discussed. In the third section, purposeful considerations are distinguished from questions of the good life and two variants of a eudaimonistic ethic are outlined. The fourth section is devoted to the Kantian ethic tradition and the problem of justifying morality by means of retorsive arguments. The last section deals with areas of practical philosophy and asks about the relationship between ethics, violence and war.

Keywords

Moral concepts ethical principles morality levels and areas of practical philosophy war
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

bibliography

  1. Albert, Hans. 1969. Treatise on Critical Reason. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.Google Scholar
  2. Apel, Karl-Otto. 1973. Transformation of philosophy. Vol. 1: Language analysis, semiotics, hermeneutics and Vol. II: The a priori of the communication community. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  3. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1987. The subtle differences. Critique of Social Judgment. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  4. Clausewitz, Carl von. 2013 [1832-34]. from the war. Edited and edited with an essay “To understand the work”. by Wolfgang Pickert and Wilhelm Ritter von Schramm. 20th edition Reinbek: Rowohlt.Google Scholar
  5. Coulmas, Peter. 1990. Citizens of the world - history of a human longing. Reinbek: Rowohlt.Google Scholar
  6. Darwin, Charles. 1981 [1871]. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation of Sex. Princeton: University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Elias, Norbert. 1976 [1939]. About the process of civilization. Sociogenetic and psychogenetic studies. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  8. Frankfurt, Harry Gordon. 2001. Freedom and Self-Determination, ed. by Monika Betzler and Barbara Guckes. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.Google Scholar
  9. Gewirth, Alan. 1978. Reason and Morality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  10. Gottschalk-Mazouz, Niels. 2000. Discourse ethics. Theories, developments, perspectives. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.Google Scholar
  11. Habermas, Jürgen. 1983. Moral awareness and communicative action. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  12. Habermas, Jürgen. 2009. Correctness versus Truth. About the meaning of the intended validity of moral judgments and norms. In Philosophical texts. Study edition Vol. 3: Discourse ethics, 382-434. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  13. Hegel, Georg Friedrich Wilhelm. 1986 [1821]. Basic lines of the philosophy of law or natural law and political science in outline. Works, Vol. 7. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  14. Herder, Johann Gottfried. 2013 [1793-97]. Letters to promote humanity. Complete new edition, ed. by Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin: Hofenberg Collection published by Contumax GmbH & Co. KG. Google Scholar
  15. Illies, Christian 2006. Philosophical Anthropology in the Biological Age. On the convergence of morality and nature. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  16. Kant, Immanuel. 1968 [1785]. Basis on the metaphysics of ethics. In Kant's works. Academy text edition, Vol. IV, 385-464. Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  17. Kant, Immanuel. 1968 [1788]. Critique of Practical Reason. In Kant's works. Academy text edition, Vol. V, 1-164. Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  18. Kant, Immanuel. 1968 [1795]. To eternal peace. In Kant's works. Academy text edition, Vol. VIII, 341-386. Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  19. Krüger, Thomas 2000. Kohelet (preacher). Biblical commentary on the Old Testament. Vol. 19 - special volume. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag.Google Scholar
  20. Kuhlmann, Wolfgang. 1985. Reflexive ultimate justification. Studies on transcendental pragmatics. Freiburg / Br., Munich: Alber.Google Scholar
  21. Luhmann, Niklas. 1997. Society of society. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  22. Lutz-Bachmann, Matthias. 2013. Basic philosophy course. Vol. 7: Ethics. Stuttgart: Reclam.Google Scholar
  23. Mannheim, Karl. 2015 [1929]. Ideology and utopia. 9th edition Frankfurt a.M .: Klostermann.Google Scholar
  24. Marchart, Oliver. 2010. The political difference. On the thinking of the political in Nancy, Lefort, Badiou, Laclau and Agamben. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  25. Marx, Karl. 1978 [1844]. On the criticism of Hegel's philosophy of law. Introduction. In Marx Engels Works, Vol. 1, 378-391. Berlin: Dietz.Google Scholar
  26. Marx, Karl. 1978 [1859]. On the Critique of Political Economy. In Marx Engels Works, Vol. 13, 7-160. Berlin: Dietz.Google Scholar
  27. Nida-Rümelin, Julian (Ed.) 2005. Applied ethics. The area ethics and their theoretical foundation. A manual. 2nd edition Stuttgart: Kröner.Google Scholar
  28. Nussbaum, Martha C. 2000. Women and Human Development. The capabilities approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Nussbaum Martha C. 2003. Capabilities as Fundament Entitlements: Sen and Social Justice. Feminist Economics 9 (2-3): 33-59.Google Scholar
  30. Ott, Konrad. 1997. Ipso Facto. For the ethical justification of normative implications of scientific practice. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  31. Ott, Konrad. 2005. Moral reasons for introduction. 2nd edition Hamburg: Junius.Google Scholar
  32. Ott, Konrad. 2008. Ethics and discourse. In Practical Philosophy College. Vol. 2: Basic positions and application problems of ethics, ed. by Franz Josef Wetz, Volker Steenblock and Joachim Siebert, 111-152. Stuttgart: Reclam.Google Scholar
  33. Raz, Joseph. 2006. Practical reasons and norms. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  34. Schmidl-Neuburg, Hilmar. 2005. Normative Theories of International Relations. Norderstedt: Books on Demand.Google Scholar
  35. Schmitt, Carl. 2015 [1932]. The concept of the political. 9th edition Berlin: Duncker & HumblotGoogle Scholar
  36. Singer, Marcus George. 1975. Generalizations in Ethics. On the logic of moral reasoning. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  37. Steigleder, Klaus. 1999. Foundation of normative ethics. Alan Gewirth's approach. Freiburg i. Br .: Alber, Google Scholar
  38. Ueding, Gert and Bernd Steinbrink. 2011. Outline of the rhetoric. History, technology, method. 5th edition Stuttgart: Metzler.Google Scholar

Annotated literature

  1. Kant, Immanuel. 1968 [1785]. Basis on the metaphysics of ethics. In Kant's works. Academy text edition, Vol. IV, 385-464. Berlin: de Gruyter. In this writing, the categorical imperative is established as the supreme principle of all morality. From this it follows that all morally capable persons have a dignity.Google Scholar
  2. Habermas, Jürgen. 2009. Correctness versus Truth. About the meaning of the intended validity of moral judgments and norms. In Philosophical texts. Study edition Vol. 3: Discourse ethics, 382-434. Frankfurt a.M .: Suhrkamp. This text explains the difference between truth and correctness claims. It is argued that the inclusion of all voices and contributions in practical discourses is equivalent to the “touchstone of reality” by which we measure the truth of factual assertions.Google Scholar
  3. Nida-Rümelin, Julian (Ed.) 2005. Applied ethics. The area ethics and their theoretical foundation. A manual. 2nd edition Stuttgart: Kröner. Many instructive articles on the fields of action of practical philosophy are gathered in this volume. The volume documents the turn of ethics to practical questions, but is also dedicated to the principles of moral philosophy.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2017

Authors and Affiliations