Why don't orcs attack the Shire?
The settlement of the Shire
About 1400 years before the War of the Ring, around the year 1601 of the D.Z., the hobbits got the permission of the then King of Arnor (northern kingdom of men), Argeleb II., To colonize the countries west of the river Baranduin (brandy wine). The hobbits were led by Marcho and Blanco. The only thing that was required of them was the maintenance of roads and bridges, the official recognition of the king and the assistance of the royal messengers. Thus the hobbits were theoretically subject to the king in Fornost, but basically independent. The hobbits settled the fertile area and called it the Shire. It was then that the hobbits' calendar, the Shire calendar, began.
The Visions of the Shire
Around the year 1630 D.Z. Almost all hobbits lived in the Shire and divided it into four regions (see regions below). Most of the hobbits lived a more contemplative life, although the Shire was not spared from hardships. The Great Plague of 1636 D.Z. also to the Shire people. Also the Battle of Grünfeld in 2747 D.Z., the Long Winter of 2758 D.Z. up to 2759 D.Z. (also Days of need called), the cruel winter in the year 2911/2912 D.Z. (also Severe winter called) and the dictatorship of Lotho Sackheim-Baggins and Saruman (called Scraper) at the end of the War of the Ring 3019 D.Z.
The Brandybock colonize Bockland
In 2340 D.Z. it became too narrow in the Shire, due to the rapid increase in population, and so the brandybocks crossed the brandy wine and settled the Bockland.
The Shire during the War of the Ring
While other parts of Middle-earth struggled with orcs, trolls and other dark figures at the time of the War of the Ring, peace and order prevailed in the Shire, which was not least due to the Dúnedain runners. The hobbits ignored the outside world as much as possible. The Great East Road ran through the Shire, but the hobbits almost forgot that this outside world existed.
The dictatorship of Lotho and Saruman brought the hobbits back to reality. Lotho, Saruman and their thugs raged terribly in the Shire. Important buildings, such as the old mill, were destroyed and much more. Only the return of the hobbits Meriadoc Brandybuck, Samweis Gamgee, Peregrin Tuk and Frodo Baggins from their trip to Mount Doom reversed the hardship of the Shire inhabitants and the Shire was liberated. Saruman and Lotho were killed by Grima Wormtongue, who in turn died by hobbit arrows. What was destroyed was rebuilt and peace returned to the Shire.
After the War of the Ring, in the Fourth Age, the Shire was expanded from Aragorn by about 50 km to the west (up to the White Towers). It became an independent part of the United Kingdom. In addition, Aragorn passed a law that no one was allowed to enter the Shire without the consent of the hobbits.
Geography and climate
The landscape was hilly, there were also sparse forests and fertile arable soils.
To cross the Shire from the west to the Brandywein in the east, it would take about 40 hours (approx. 200 km), and to cross the Shire from south to north, it would have taken about 50 hours (approx. 250 km).
At the time of the War of the Ring, the Shire had a mild climate. That wasn't always the case, however.
In the Hobbit, the Shire still has no name. It is simply referred to as the "land where Bilbo was born and raised". Only in Lord of the Rings does it become clear that it is the Shire. Tolkien explains that Shire from the old English scír descends. For the translation into German he writes: "gau seems to me suitable in German, if the more recent usage for the regional division under Hitler did not spoil this very old word. "But since that was the case, Carroux, first translator of the Lord of the Rings, decided against the term gau and came up with the poetic-sounding name Shire.
J. R. R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (book)
- First book,
- First chapter: A long-awaited festival
- Second chapter: The shadow of the past
- Chapter Four: Straight to the mushrooms
- Fifth chapter: A conspiracy exposed
J. R. R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (book)
- Sixth book,
- Seventh chapter: On the way home, passim
- Eighth chapter: The Liberation of the Shire
J. R. R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings: Appendices
- Appendix B: Timeline: The Years of the Westlands, The Third Age
- Later events as far as they concern the ring mates
- Appendix F: The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age, From the hobbits
J. R. R. Tolkien: The Hobbit, passim
Karen Wynn Fonstad: Historical Atlas of Middle-earth, translator: Hans J. Schütz
- Page: 53,64,70,71,74,176; Coordinate: K-30
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