How serious is a bilateral kidney infection

Pyelitis, pyelonephritis, and pyonephrosis

Special Urology pp 690-802 | Cite as

Part of the Handbuch der Urologie book series (HDBUROL, volume 3)

Summary

The chapter on pyelitis and pyelonephritis, to which pyonephrosis is to be added as the frequent final outcome of these two forms of disease, comprises all pyogenic, inflammatory and purulent diseases of the kidneys and the renal pelvis with the exception of a small group dealt with in the preceding section. These were the hematogenous, embolic-metastatic suppurations of the kidney from the apostematous nephritis to the isolated large or grouped small renal abscess, whose close relation to the suppurations of the capsule she referred to in the earlier chapter. A separation of haematogenic infections in the previous section and "ascending" ones in this section was neither intended nor feasible; rather, the former path of infection will have to take up a large part of the presentation here too.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Special hint

This chapter is part of the Springer Book Archives digitization project with publications that have appeared since the publisher's inception in 1842. With this archive, the publisher provides sources for both historical and disciplinary research, which must be viewed in a historical context. This chapter is from a book that was published before 1945 and is therefore not advertised by the publisher in its political-ideological orientation typical of the time.

literature

  1. Boeminghaxjs, H .: Pyelitis. Result. d. Surgeon & Orthop. Vol. 19. Berlin: Julius Springer 1926. Google Scholar

For literature on pregnancy pyelitis see section "Gynecological Urology"

  1. Baetzner: Diagnosis of surgical kidney diseases. Berlin: Julius Springer 1921.Google Scholar
  2. Boeminghatjs: Pyelitis. Result. d. Surgeon & Orthop. Vol. 19. Berlin: Julius Springer 1926Google Scholar
  3. Caspee: Textbook of Urology. Berlin-Vienna: Urban and Schwarzenberg 1923Google Scholar
  4. Encyclopédie française d'urologie. Paris 1914. Octave Doin et fils. Tome 2. Michon: Nephritis chirurgicales. Pyelitis et PyonéphrosisGoogle Scholar
  5. Förster, A .: The infectious disease of the purging urinary tract. Würzburger Abhandl. a. d. Total building d. Practical Med. New episode. Vol. 1, H. 8Google Scholar
  6. Hellström: Contribution to the knowledge of staphylococcal pyelitis etc. Acta chirurg, scandinav., SuppL, Vol. 6. Stockholm 1924Google Scholar
  7. Israel, J. and W .: Surgery of the kidney and ureter. G. Thieme 1925Google Scholar
  8. Kraus, R .: The bacteria of the healthy and diseased urinary tract. Urology Handbook (Frisch-Zuckerkandl). Vol. 1, p. 325. Vienna: Alfred Hölder 1904. (Detailed directory of bacteriological literature up to 1904.) Google Scholar
  9. Küster, E .: The surgery of the kidneys. German Surgeon. Run 52b. Stuttgart: F. Enke 1896Google Scholar
  10. Langstein, L .: The diseases of the uropoietic system. Handb. D. Paediatrics Leipzig: C. W. Vogel 1910Google Scholar
  11. Marion: Traité d’urologie. Masson et Cp. 1921Google Scholar
  12. Noeggerath and Eckstein: The urogenital diseases of children. Leipzig: F. C.W. Vogel 1925Google Scholar
  13. Oppenheimer, R .: The pyelitis. Magazine f. urol. Surgeon. Vol. 1, p. 17Google Scholar
  14. Posner: Diseases of the renal pelvis, etc. Pathology and therapy by Kraus-Brugsch. Vol. 7, p. 319. 1922Google Scholar
  15. Rayer: Traité des maladies des reins. Paris 1841Google Scholar
  16. Rovsing, Th .: Clinical and experimental studies on infectious diseases of the urinary organs. Berlin: Oskar Coblenz 1898Google Scholar
  17. Scheidemandel: Infectious diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract (excluding tuberculosis). Würzburger Abhandl. a. d. Total building d. Prakt. Med. Vol. 13, H. 3. 1913Google Scholar
  18. Schmidt-Aschoff: The pyelonephritis from the pathological-anatomical and bacterial point of view and the etiological role of the Bact. coli com. at diseases of the urinary system. Jena: G. Fischer 1893Google Scholar
  19. Suter, E: The infectious, non-tubercular diseases of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Internal Medicine Manual. Vol. 3, Part 2, p. 1766. Berlin: Julius Springer 1918Google Scholar
  20. Wagner, P .: The purulent inflammation of the kidneys and the renal pelvis. Urology Handbook (Prisch-Zijckekandl). Vol. 2, p. 176. Vienna: Alired Hölder 1904Google Scholar
  21. Wildbolz: Textbook of Urology. Berlin: Julius Springer 1924.Google Scholar

Introduction and pathological anatomy

  1. D’Agata, G .: Policlinico, sez. c surgeon. Vol. 28, H. 8. p. 3. Ges25Google Scholar
  2. Aschner: Journ. of the Americ. med. assoc. Vol. 74, No. 5. 1920Google Scholar
  3. Aschoff: About the naming of chronic kidney disease. Publ. A. d. Geb. d. Military medical services. H. 65 Google Scholar
  4. Pathological anatomy textbook. 6th edition Google Scholar
  5. Bätzner: Contribution to the knowledge of granular pyelitis. Magazine f. urol. Surgeon. Vol. 1, H. 3Google Scholar
  6. On the question of granular pyelitis. German Ges. F. Urol. Berlin, 1–4. October 1924Google Scholar
  7. Barney: Gonococcal infection of the kidney. Journ. of urol. Vol. 9, no. 1 Google Scholar
  8. Barth: The purulent, non-tubercular affections of the kidneys, negotiating. d. German Ges. f. Urol. 2nd Congress Berlin 1909Google Scholar
  9. Beer, E .: Leucoplakia of the kidney pelvis. Boarding school, journ. of surg .. Vol. 34, No. 7Google Scholar
  10. Gross, H .: About glandular pyelitis. Magazine f. urol. Surgeon. Vol. 14, p. 157. 1924Google Scholar
  11. Cavarelli and Taddei: Arch. Ital. Di chirurg. Vol. 2, H. 4, p. 387.1920Google Scholar
  12. Cavina, G .: Rif. med. Vol. 37, No. 36, p. 843 Google Scholar
  13. Chiari: Med. Yearbook 1881Google Scholar
  14. Cumming, R.E .: Surg., Gynecol. a. obstetr. Vol. 36, No. 2. 1923Google Scholar
  15. v. Frisch: The purulent, non-tubercular affections of the renal pelvis. Negotiating d. German Ges. f. Urol., 2nd Congress Berlin 1909Google Scholar
  16. v. Frisch: On the etiology of renal hematuria. Negotiating d. German Ges. f. Urol. 1909 Google Scholar
  17. Hamburger: Arch. F. Microscope. Anat. Vol. 17. 1880Google Scholar
  18. Hinmann, Kutzmann and Gibson: Surg., Gynecol. a. obstetr. Vol. 39, No. 4Google Scholar
  19. Kretschmer: follicular pyelitis. Surg., Gynecol. a. obstetr. Vol. 17, No. 5Google Scholar
  20. Kretschmer: Follicular pyelitis. Americ. joum. of urol. Vol. 10, No. 3 Google Scholar
  21. Orth, J .: Textbook of special pathological anatomy. Berlin: A. Hirschwald 1894Google Scholar
  22. Paschkis, R .: Contributions to the pathology of the renal pelvis. Folia urol. Vol. 7, p. 55Google Scholar
  23. Peters: About the so-called aseptic renal pyuria. German Magazine f. surgeon. Vol. 176, H. 5/6. 1922. Google Scholar
  24. Pizetti, D .: Contributo allo studio della cosidella “pielite granulose”. Arch. Ie scienze med. Vol. 43.1920Google Scholar
  25. Przewoski, E .: About nodular or follicular inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urinary tract. Virchow's Arch. F. Pathol. Anat. And Physiol. Vol. 116, p. 516. 1889Google Scholar
  26. Ribbert: About pyelonephritis. Virchow's Arch. F. Pathol. Anat. And Physiol. Vol. 220, p. 294. 1915Google Scholar
  27. Rubritius: The connection between infection and function in the area of ​​the genitourinary system. Vienna. clin. Weekly 1925. No. 1 Google Scholar
  28. Runeberg: About the so-called aseptic renal pyuria. Acta surgeon, scandinav. Vol. 54. 1921Google Scholar
  29. Simmons: Pyonephrosis. Journ. of urol. Vol. 9, No. 4. 1923Google Scholar
  30. Söderlund: Contribution to the question of so-called abacterial renal pyurias. Acta surgeon, scandinav. Vol. 54. 1921Google Scholar
  31. Weichselbaum: General Vienna. med. Time. 1881. No. 35Google Scholar
  32. Ziegler: Textbook of general and special pathological anatomy.Google Scholar

Gender, age, side involvement

  1. Beckmann and van der Reis: On the clinical bacteriology and therapy of pyelitis and cystopyelitis. Magazine f. clin. Med. Vol. 101, H. 1/2 Google Scholar
  2. Culver, H., Herold and Phifer: Renal infections, a clinical and bacteriologic study. Journ. of the Americ. med. assoc. Vol. 70. 1918Google Scholar
  3. Hellström: On the knowledge of staphylococcal pyelitis etc. Acta chirurg, scandinav. Suppl. 6, p. 1. 1924Google Scholar
  4. Jülich: To the clinic of pyelitis. Medical clinic. Vol. 19, p. 1600. 1923Google Scholar
  5. Kehrer: About pyelitis gravidarum. Magazine f. gynecol. Urol. Vol. 3, p. 24. 1912Google Scholar
  6. Kretschmer: The treatment of pyelitis. Surg., Gynecol. a. obstetr. Vol. 33, H. 6Google Scholar
  7. Sorrow: Pyelonephritis and its treatment with silver salts. Journ. d’urol. Tome 14, p. 187, 1922Google Scholar
  8. Three cases of pyelonephritis. Journ. d’urol. Tome 17, p. 58. 1924Google Scholar
  9. Küster: A few comments on pyelonephritis. Magazine f. Urol. 1910Google Scholar
  10. Lenhartz: About acute and chronic pelvic inflammation. Münch, med. Weekly 1907. No. 16, p. 761Google Scholar
  11. Kidney and general infection by Bac. proteus. Virchow's Arch. F. Pathol. Anat. And Physiol. Vol. 246 Google Scholar
  12. Lindemann: On the pathogenesis and clinical features of the renal pelvic inflammation. German Magazine f. surgeon. Vol. 120, H. 5/6, p. 395. 1913Google Scholar
  13. Löwenberg: On the pathogenesis of colipyelitis. Magazine f. d. total exp. Med. Vol. 41, H. 1/3, p. 84Google Scholar
  14. Meyer-Betz: About primary colipyelitis. Arch. F. Clin. Med. Vol. 105, p. 531Google Scholar
  15. Mitchell, E. C .: Infections of urinary tract with report of 400 cases. Southern med. journ. Vol. 15, No. 10Google Scholar
  16. Thomas: For the treatment of cystopyelitis in infants. Magazine f. medical training. Vol. 21, p. 448. 1924Google Scholar
  17. Wossidlo: pyelitis, pyelonephritis, pyonephrosis. Magazine f. Urol. Vol. 15, p. 461. 1921. Google Scholar

bacteriology

  1. Baisch: Bacteriological and experimental studies on cystitis after gynecological operations. Hegars Contribution, Vol. 8, p. 297. 1904Google Scholar
  2. Barney: Gonococcal infect, of the kidney. Journ. of urol. Vol. 9, no. 1 Google Scholar
  3. Bastas: Ann. des maladies genitourinaire. 1909 Google Scholar
  4. Bauer: Zeitschr. f. urol. Surgeon. Vol. 23, p. 308Google Scholar
  5. Bertelsmann and Mau: The penetration of bacteria into the bloodstream as a cause of urinary fever. Münch, med. Weekly 1902, p. 521 Google Scholar
  6. Biedl: About bacteriuria. Prague. med. Weekly. 1914Google Scholar
  7. Blum: On the knowledge of urinary retention in childhood and on the question of pyocyaneus sepsis. Negotiating d. German Ges. f. Urol. 1. Kongr. 1907. p. 380 Google Scholar
  8. Blumenthal and Hamm: Mitt. A. d. Border area d. Med. And surgeon. Vol. 18. 1908Google Scholar
  9. Blumer, G. and A. J. Lartigan: A report of three cases of ascending urinary infections due to the bacillus pyocyaneus and the proteus vulgaris. New York med. journ. a. med. record. September 1900Google Scholar
  10. Borghard: Pyelonephritis gravidarum. Press méd. November 1904Google Scholar
  11. Boulanger: Folia urolog. Vol. 7, No. 11, p. 693Google Scholar
  12. Casper: On the pathology and therapy of pyelitis. Medical clinic. 1908, p. 1521Google Scholar
  13. Cohn: Contributions to the evaluation of the pus urine. Magazine f. urol. Surgeon. Vol. 12, p. 191Google Scholar
  14. Dosza: Journal. f. Urol. Vol. 15 Google Scholar
  15. Dourmashkin and Cohen: Gonococcal infection of kidney with spontaneous recovery. Report of case. Journ. of the Americ. med. assoc. Vol. 180, No. 15Google Scholar
  16. Dudgeon, Wordley and Bawtree: Journ. of hyg. Vol. 20. 1921Google Scholar
  17. Duhig, D. V .: Med. Journ. of Australia. Vol. 2, No. 16Google Scholar
  18. Faltin: Recherches bactériologiques sur I’infection vésicale spécialement au point de vue de la variabilité de la flore bacteriane. Ann. of the time. gen.-urine. 1902 Google Scholar
  19. Fayol: pyonephrosis blennorrhagique droit. Lyon méd. Tome 38, p. 470. 1912Google Scholar
  20. Foley: Pyocyaneus pyelitis. Semana méd. Vol. 30, No. 30Google Scholar
  21. Franco: Folia urologica. Vol. 6, H. 8Google Scholar
  22. Förster: A case of cystopyelitis caused by dysentery bacilli (Flexner type). Münch, med. Weekly No. 65, p. 205. 1918Google Scholar
  23. Frisch, B .: Cystopyelitis due to pseudodiphtheria bacilli. Vienna. clin. Weekly Vol. 39, p. 1140Google Scholar
  24. Fullerton: Surg., Gynecol. a. obstetr. Vol. 34. 1922Google Scholar
  25. Gayet: gonococcal pyelitis. Journ. d’urol. Tome 16, p. 423. 1923Google Scholar
  26. Goldberg: special position of staphylomycoses etc. Zeitschr. f. Urol. Vol. 7, p. 447. 1913Google Scholar
  27. Goldfaden, Ph .: Colon bacillus pyelitis. New York state journ. of med. Vol. 116, No. 2Google Scholar
  28. Graff: Coli infection of the kidneys and their treatment. Magazine f. urol. Surgeon. Vol. 3, p. 6. 1917Google Scholar
  29. Guyon: Cystitis et pyelites diathésiques. Ann. d. times. of the org. génito - urine. Tome 8, p. 521.1890Google Scholar
  30. Hagner: Gonococcus infections of the kidney. Med. Record. 1910. Google Scholar
  31. Hamm: Münch, med. Weekly 1910, p. 239. Google Scholar
  32. Hess: Experimental studies on the Bact. coli as a pus pathogen. German med. Weekly. 1912. No. 30Google Scholar
  33. Hamm: Experimental studies on the Bact. coli infections of the urinary organs. Mitt. A. d. Border area d. Med. And surgeon. Vol. 26, p. 135. 1913Google Scholar
  34. Sky lifter: A case of gonococcal sepsis in the puerperium located in the right kidney. Medical clinic. 1907. No. 26, p. 769Google Scholar
  35. Illyes: Experiences with kidney surgery. Folia urol. Vol. 8, p. 430 ffGoogle Scholar
  36. Johnson and Justina: Gonococcal infection of the kidney and criteria pr. its diagnosis. Journ. of urol. Vol. 11, No. 2Google Scholar
  37. Kelly: Gonorrheal pyelitis and pyoureter cured by irrigation. Bull, of the Johns Hopkins hosp. Vol. 6, p. 47, 1895. Google Scholar
  38. Knorr: On cystitis and gonorrheal pyelitis. Magazine f. birth and gynecol. Vol. 58 Google Scholar
  39. Knorr: The ascending gonorrhea in the woman's urinary system. Magazine f. gynecol. Urol. Vol. 2, p. 54. 1911. Google Scholar
  40. Kretschmer: Journ. of the Americ. med. assoc. Vol. 81, p. 1518. 1923Google Scholar
  41. Krogius: About the common Bacillus, which is effective in urinary infections. (Bac. Coli commune). Magazine f.Bacteriol. 1891Google Scholar
  42. Le For: Des infections rénales au cours de blennorhagie. Ann. des maladies des org. genito urine. Tome 2, p. 142.1911Google Scholar
  43. Legueu: Des staphylococcémies d’origine urinaire. Journ. d’uroL, Tome 4, p. 893 Google Scholar
  44. Legueu: Les staphylococcies d’origine urinaire. Progr. Méd. 1913Google Scholar
  45. Lehr: Report of a case of gonorrheal pyelitis. Journ. of the Americ. med. assoc. Vol. 59, p. 36.1912 Google Scholar
  46. Lenhartz: kidney and general infection by Bac. proteus. Virchow's Arch. F. Pathol. Anat. And Physiol. Vol. 246Google Scholar
  47. Lennander: About division of the kidney, etc. Nord. med. Arch. 1901. Google Scholar
  48. Math and Belt: A Case of Bilateral Pyelitis Caused by Bacillus pyocyaneus. An unusual kidney infection diagnosed by ureteral catheterization. Journ. of urol. Vol. 8, p. 281.1922Google Scholar
  49. Mayerhoff: Zentralbl. f. bacteriol., parasites k. and infectious diseases Dept. 1, Orig. Vol. 24Google Scholar
  50. Mayo, Ch. H .: Stone in the kidney. Ann. of surg. 1920. 71Google Scholar
  51. Mayo, W. J .: The removal of stones from the kidney. Surg., Gynecol. a. obstetr. 1917. 24Google Scholar
  52. Note: Contribution to the pathogenesis of bacteriuria. Magazine f. Urol. Vol. 13, p. 255. 1919Google Scholar
  53. Michou: A case of chronic gonococcal pyelitis. Journ. d’urol. Tome 16, p. 424. 1923Google Scholar
  54. Morawitz: Therapeutic experience in urinary tract infections. Magazine f. Urol. Vol. 19, p. 19. 1925Google Scholar
  55. Nixon: Gonococcus infection of the kidney. Surg., Gynecol. a. obstetr. Vol. 12, p. 33Google Scholar
  56. Picker: Staphylococcal infection in the man's urinary organs. Negotiating d. German Ges. f. Urolog. III. Kongr., P. 342Google Scholar
  57. Picker: A case of staphylococcal excretion through the urinary organs, cured after tonsillectomy. Magazine f. urol. Surgeon. Vol. 12. 1923Google Scholar
  58. Praetorius: Purpura of the upper urinary tract. Magazine f. Urol. Vol. 18, H. 4Google Scholar
  59. Rafin: You traitement des pyélites suppurées par les levages du bassinet. Assoc. fran9. d’urol. Session 14, 1910. Ann. des maladies des org. genito urine. Tome 29, p. 81Google Scholar
  60. Rafin: Assoc. fran9. d’urol. XIV. SessGoogle Scholar
  61. Reitler and Kolischer: About a protozoal pyelitis. Magazine f. clin. Med. Vol. 84, H. 1 and 2Google Scholar
  62. Reyhe: About Proteus Infection. Clin. Wochenschr. Vol. 1, H. 32. Google Scholar
  63. Rosenow, E. C .: Results of experimental studies on focal infection and elective localization. Med. Din. of North America. Vol. 5, No. 2