What is the theory of social reinforcement

social learning theories


[engl. social learning theory], [KOG, SOZ], learning theory-based models / theories (learning theories) that try to describe and explain, as according to lernpsychol. Principles of more complex (social) behaviors arise, can be maintained (reinforced, reinforced) or deleted (extinction), thus expanding the explanations of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Representatives of these theories include: Bandura and Rotter, each with a different research focus. While Bandura in his investigations v. a. Turning to social behavior categories (e.g. aggression), Rotter developed constructs that can be assigned to more classic personality dimensions. For both researchers, the principle of reinforcement is the basis for shaping behavior; cogn. and i. Processes that cannot be observed in classical behaviorism are considered relevant. Bandura introduces the principle of vicarious reinforcement (observation learning) as well as cognitive «avoidant» processes that make the consequences of behavior possible and presuppose the principle of anticipation. Rotter has clarified his conception in the behavior equation, in which four classes of variables are introduced: Behavioral potential, expectations, Amplifier value and psych. Situations. While Bandura can be assigned to the model of situationism, Rotter is regarded as a representative of interactionism.