Who invented the electric motor?
History of the electric motors
The pioneering days in Denmark and England
The History of the electric motor began in 1819 with the discovery of the magnetic effect of current-carrying conductors by the Danish physicist Hans Christian Ørsted. This led to the English physicist Michael Faraday making a first in the same year Electric motor developed, for which he constructed two experiments: In the first, an electrical conductor rotated around a permanent magnet, in the second experiment he turned the first so that a movable permanent magnet rotated around an electrical conductor. He published his results under the title "Experiments on Electromagnetic Rotation". Other first experiments on electrical machines were carried out and published by the British physicist Peter Barlow, who designed the unipolar motor, and by the British physicist William Sturgeon, who produced the first electromagnets.
First forms of application for practice are invented on continental Europe
On the European mainland, the Hungarian Ányos Jedlik and the German Hermann Jacobi decisively advanced the development of the electric motor, Jacobi succeeded in 1834 Construction of the first practical electric motor and the use of this 220 watt motor to drive a 6-person boat that he launched in Saint Petersburg. This boat trip is considered to be the first application of an electric motor to drive machines. The first commutator motor was designed in 1836 by the American Thomas Davenport, he applied for a patent for his invention on February 25, 1837 in Vermont. Another Breakthrough for the electric motor presented the invention of the electric generator by Ányos Jedlik in 1861, but it was not until Werner von Siemens applied for a patent in 1866 and marketed it commercially.
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