What infrastructure is available in Mangalore
Mangalore or. Mangalore (Tulu: ಕುಡ್ಲ Kudla, Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು Maṅgaḷūru) is an important port city in the southern Indian state of Karnataka with around 485,000 inhabitants. 620,000 people live in the metropolitan area (2011 census). Mangalore is the capital of the Dakshina Kannada district (southern Kanara).
Mangalore is located at 12.52 degrees north and 74.53 degrees east on a lagoon in the Arabian Sea, into which the two rivers Gurpur and Netravati flow. The city is located about 300 km west of Bangalore and just under 20 km north of the border with Kerala. The stretch of coast south from Mangalore to the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent is known as the Malabar Coast, and to the north is the Konkan Coast.
The urban area covers 111.18 km².
In Mangalore there is a changing tropical climate. The temperatures fluctuate only slightly over the course of the year between 25.9 degrees Celsius in July and August and 29.3 degrees Celsius in April. The annual average temperature is 27.2 degrees Celsius. The main precipitation period falls during the monsoon period from June to September, the heaviest precipitation falls in July with 1019 mm. Throughout the year an average of 3410 mm falls.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Mangalore
The name Mangalore is said to have its origin in the Hindu patron goddess of the city, Mangaladevi. The Roman scholar Pliny the Elder already mentioned the mouth of the river “Nithrias”, Ptolemy that of the river “Nitre”. Most likely both related to the Netravati.
The city is mentioned as Mangalapura in an inscription on a copper plate from the 7th century. Until the 14th century it was ruled by various dynasties such as the Kadamba, Chalukya, Alupa, Rashtrakuta and Hoysala. Little is known about their rule, however. In 1342 the Arab explorer Ibn Battuta visited the city.
From the 14th to the 16th century it belonged to the Vijayanagar Empire, whose rulers allowed the Portuguese to build a fortress in 1505. In 1568 the Portuguese took Mangalore and built a new fortress. The power of the colonial rulers began to crumble in the 17th century. Under Raja Shivappa Nayaka (1645–1660) of Keladi, the Portuguese had to tolerate his domination, but they regained strength after his death. After they had banned the Arabs from trading in Mangalore, they burned the city down in 1695. In 1714 the Portuguese returned. They were finally driven out by Mysore King Hyder Ali in 1763. Shipbuilding gained enormous importance under him. However, Hyder Ali only determined the fate of the city for five years, then it was conquered by the British. From 1794 to 1799 Mangalore was under the sovereignty of Mysore for another five years, this time under Hyder Ali's son Tipu Sultan, and then finally passed into British possession. It remained there until India gained independence in 1947. Mangalore has belonged to Karnataka since 1956.
On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the state in 2006, the government of Karnataka decided on a proposal by the writer U. R. Ananthamurthy, the English name of the city in its Kannada name form Mangalore rename. Since the Indian central government has not yet approved the name change, the renaming process has not yet been completed.
The most widely spoken language is Tulu. Kannada is also widespread as a second or mother tongue; there are also minorities of Konkani and Malayalam speakers.
The religious composition of Mangalore is similar to that of Kerala, because although the Hindus are by far the largest religious community, there are considerable Muslim and especially Catholic minorities.
Mangalore is the seat of the Diocese of Mangalore.
Typical of Mangalore and its surroundings is Yakshagana, a kind of traditional dance theater in which scenes from Hindu mythology are mostly shown.
Mangalore has been the seat of a university since 1980. The National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal (NITK) comes close to the rank of university. There are also several private colleges.
Multiple conquests and destruction have left little of Mangalore's rich historical legacy. Nevertheless, there are some architectural monuments that remind of the great historical importance.
The 11th century Hindu temple, built in the Kerala style, houses a bronze statue of the goddess Lokeshwara, which is one of the finest bronze works in all of India.
- St. Aloysius College Chapel
Built between 1899 and 1900, the church has an exceptionally beautiful interior decoration by the Italian artist Antonio Moscheni. Frescoes and paintings show, among other things, the life of Saint Aloisius von Gonzaga, who gave the church its name, as well as depictions of the Apostle Thomas, who is said to have introduced Christianity to India, of Saint Francis of Assisi and other saints. There are also biblical scenes.
The city of Mangalore owes its name to the temple dedicated to the goddess Mangaladevi. It dates from the 10th century.
Today only a ruin, the black stone fortress still bears witness to the changeful history of Mangalore. Tipu Sultan had it moored in the north of the city at the end of the 18th century to prevent warships - especially British ones - from entering the Gurpur River.
- Shri Sharavu Mahaganapathi Temple
This approximately 800 year old temple is an important place of pilgrimage that draws countless devout Hindus to the center of Mangalore every day.
Other noteworthy sights are the Sri Gokarnath Temple, the Rosario Cathedral, the Milagres Church and the Shrimati Bai Memorial Museum.
Economy & Infrastructure
Of great importance is the new seaport (New Mangalore Port) about 10 km north of the city center, which is one of the largest and most important in India. 75 percent of Indian coffee exports are processed here. Other important export products are cashew nuts and pepper. In 2004/05 33.89 million tons were handled, making Mangalore sixth among the 12 main sea ports in India. The year-on-year growth was 27 percent, the highest of all 12 ports. In recent years, the port has always recorded double-digit growth rates.
The most important branches of industry in Mangalore are the chemical, textile and electrotechnical industries, and the processing of agricultural products also plays an important role in the region. In Mangalore there are an oil refinery.
Mangalore also has an International Airport (former name: Bajpe Airport; IATA code: IXE), which is about 20 km outside the city center, near the town of Bajpe. From there there are daily flights to Mumbai and Bangalore. On May 22, 2010, 158 people were killed when a plane coming from Dubai shot over the runway and caught fire; only a few inmates survived the disaster.
sons and daughters of the town
- ↑ Census of India 2011: Provisional Population Totals. Cities having population 1 lakh and above.
- ↑ Census of India 2011: Provisional Population Totals. Urban Agglomerations / Cities having population 1 lakh and above.
- ↑ The Hindu: Center mum on ‘Bengaluru’, December 18, 2007
- ↑ Spiegel Online: Mangalore: machine shoots over the runway, May 22, 2010
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