Why did God harden Pharaoh's heart?

Why did God harden Pharaoh's heart?



Exodus 7: 3-4 says: “But I will harden Pharaoh's heart and do many signs and wonders in the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh will not listen to you. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and through great judgments I will lead my hosts, my people Israel, out of the land of Egypt. ”It makes an unjust impression when God hardens Pharaoh's heart and then punishes Pharaoh and Egypt for what Pharaoh is for decided because of his hardened heart. Why did God harden Pharaoh's heart at all, just so that He could judge Egypt even more and through additional plagues?

First, Pharaoh was not innocent and he was not a Christian man. He was a brutal dictator which took place under the terrible abuse and oppression of the Israelites, who were about 1.5 million people at the time. The Egyptian pharaoh enslaved the Israelites for 400 years. A previous pharaoh - possibly also the pharaoh in question here - ordered the killing of all newborn male infants (Exodus 1:16). The Pharaoh, whom God hardened, was an evil man and the nation he ruled either consented or did nothing against his evil actions.

Second, before the first few plagues, Pharaoh had already hardened his own heart by not letting the Israelites go. “But Pharaoh's heart was hardened” (Exodus 7:13, 22; 8:19). “Then the magicians said to Pharaoh: This is God's finger. But Pharaoh's heart became hardened and he did not listen to them, as the LORD had said. ”(Exodus 8:15)“ But this time too Pharaoh hardened his heart and did not let the people go ”(Exodus 8.28) Pharaoh could have spared Egypt all the plagues if he had not hardened his own heart. God gave Pharaoh increasingly serious warnings about judgments that were about to come. Pharaoh chose to let God's judgment come upon himself and his nation by hardening his heart again and again against God's commands.

As a result of Pharaoh's hard-heartedness, God hardened Pharaoh's heart even more, allowing the last few plagues (Exodus 9:12; 10:20, 27). Pharaoh and Egypt brought these judgments and plagues upon themselves through 400 years of slavery and mass murder. "For the wages of sin is death" (Romans 6:23) and Pharaoh and Egypt sinned terribly against God, so that it would have been just if God had destroyed even Egypt completely. So it was not unjust from God, and the additional plagues upon Egypt were not unjust either. The plagues, terrible as they were, actually show God's grace in not completely destroying Egypt.

Romans 9: 17-18 explains: “For the scriptures say to Pharaoh (Exodus 9:16):“ For this very purpose I raised you up, that I might show you my power and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth. "So he now has pity on whoever he wants and becomes hardened on whom he wants." From a human perspective it seems wrong that God should harden a person and then punish them for it. Biblically, however, we have all sinned against God (Romans 3:23) and the just punishment for sin is death (Romans 6:23). Hence it is not unjust of God to harden and punish a person; it is really gracious compared to what the person deserves. English



Back to the German homepage

Why did God harden Pharaoh's heart?
Share this page: