What are some intrapersonal skill hacks
Children love to play for their lives. They use their imagination quite unconsciously and come up with the most creative ideas. The daycare center is usually the first place for girls and boys where they regularly play and learn together with other, unfamiliar children. There they acquire social and emotional skills that are indispensable for dealing with others and their future life. Educators support the children on their learning path and take on one of them important role model function.
What is socially competent behavior?
The girls and boys get to know their first mathematical approaches in kindergarten. Language also plays an important role. While that Recognize numbers and letters is recognized as an important skill, other skills are often less noticeable But that doesn't mean they're any less important. Social skills prepare the way for other skills.
Only those who can interact and work together with other people can also successfully train them and bring them to society.
For this reason, the tasks of educational specialists also include Teaching social skills. While the term is abstract for many adults, children definitely need an understandable description for the expression. The term describes some skills that lead to socially competent behavior overall. These include:
- Recognize the feelings of others and react accordingly
- solve conflicts
- Know how to deal with criticism
The Dealing with peers and adults takes practice. Especially in the early days, it is not immediately obvious whether a child has already acquired the social skills. The girls and boys often want to first observe what the other children are doing and how they behave. After a certain time, the girls and boys dare to go into the action.
The children's social skills are not only related to their previous experience. Also hers Personality plays a crucial role. Is the child introverted or is it very outwardly directed? Is it tolerable or is it difficult to integrate into a group? These factors influence how pronounced the social skills of girls and boys are. They also control the learning process: the respective Personality traits of a child decide whether they learn social skills quickly or whether they need more time to do so.
Promote social skills in children
In order for the girls and boys to find their way around in kindergarten and then in school, they have to interact socially can. For example, they should be able to talk to their classmates and the children from their daycare group. Not only verbal communication is necessary for social interaction. Non-verbal behavior is also evidence of social competence. For this reason, you should make it clear to the girls and boys how their behavior affects other people.
- How do I show others that I am uncomfortable?
- How do I approach others?
- Can you cry when you are happy?
Children do not actively ask themselves such questions. Your Uncertainties usually go through abnormal behavior noticeable. Pedagogical professionals can promote the social skills of girls and boys. Among other things, it is important to strengthen their self-esteem and identity.
Tips and ideas for promoting social skills
Correct interaction with other children and adults can be practiced and implemented in various ways. Of course it is not possible "correct" Rehearse behavior. However, educational specialists can give the children tips and tricks on how to cope with certain situations.
Playing, doing handicrafts and having meals together in the group offer a good opportunity to develop the children's social skills.
In addition to everyday interactions, you can also train the girls 'and boys' social skills through targeted exercises:
- Acting or role-playing games
- Joint group projects (cooking, gardening, etc.)
- Chair circle discussions about feelings, conflicts and boundaries
The children can see how social interactions work through acting or role-playing. In doing so, they do not necessarily have to become active themselves, but can instead observe the individual scenes first. The representation of different social situations such as a conflict shows the children impressively how interactions can develop.
If, for example, a role play shows how an argument can escalate when insults are given and people are verbally injured, the children can transfer this to their own behavior. They find that some words can hurt others. In this way, the girls and boys develop an understanding of how to deal with other people correctly.
Also Group projects contribute to the fact that children behave competently and in a Community coping can. Just like group conversations, they lead to the girls and boys opening up and approaching other children. Topics such as emotions or individual needs are particularly important: The children notice that their thoughts and wishes have meaning and are taken into account by others.
Provide support and help
In order to provide adequate support as an educator, it helps to put yourself in the shoes of the girls and boys. This makes it easier to react empathically to the children. The adults should also be aware that they are acting as role models: their actions and reactions are copied by the girls and boys. This principle is also called learning on the model. The children observe their behavior, memorize it and apply it when they expect the desired success from it.
For the promotion of social skills this means in concrete terms: Your behavior is a kind of benchmark for the children. How does the teacher talk to my friends? How does my carer react to crying children or to conflicts in our group? The children watch very carefully how you behave. Just like the parents, you, as skilled workers in the daycare center, are caregivers for the girls and boys.
Therefore also plays empathy a major role. If the children's caregivers are able to empathize with their situations, they automatically react appropriately. They recognize the children's feelings and needs by thinking about what is important for the girls and boys in each situation. The child may want to make new friends and find it difficult to reach out to others. The needs of girls and boys can be very different.
In any case, educators must appear safe in front of the children. You are responsible for that Rules in dealing with one another be respected. Harmful behavior must not be tolerated in the daycare community. So the children know exactly where the limits are. Some problems can easily be avoided by using clear rules.
Social skills in kindergarten: challenge and support
The social skills of the girls and boys are automatically promoted in the day care center through contact with other children. By targeted exercises the skills of the girls and boys can also be trained. While the parents in particular play an important role as caregivers, the educators in the group are also key figures for the children. These relationships offer support to the girls and boys because they are there for them and give them support.
In this way, the adults contribute to the social development of the girls and boys and thus serve part of the educational area as well as the development goal for children. They serve as a role model and ensure that rules are adhered to in the community. Relationships with peers are also crucial. After all, the children make friends with their own kind and not with adults. These friendships are important for their development: How do other children my age think? Are you going through the same thing as me? Age binds children together. Not only do they share similar interests, but they are also in similar situations. They may be about to start school or they may be enthusiastic about the same children's film.
Shared interests create an emotional bond between the children. They interact with each other and thus learn to be interested in someone else and their life. This ability is relevant to most areas in life. This is how the children develop them Competence, empathy to show and the Emotions to perceive others. In addition to joy, the girls and boys also experience disappointment and anger together. With the support of carers, the children also learn to deal with problems appropriately.
Developing goals: learning to interact socially
The aim is to raise the children to be socially competent people and to positively shape their development. At the end of their time in kindergarten, for example, the girls and boys should know that other people are being considered. At the same time, they should also be aware that they have the right to express their opinion and to defend their own position. your Self-confidence represents the basis for your social skills.
Strengthen empathy and emotions
In order to consolidate this self-confidence, the children must be aware that they are theirs Express feelings and thoughts allowed to. Your sensations play a role. For example, make it clear to the girls and boys in discussions in the morning circle that everyone has their own opinion and is allowed to have it. Everyone is different. Often the children only dare to represent their own position in their families.
As an educator, you can make it clear that the girls and boys can also come out of themselves outside of the family - in the community in kindergarten - and be themselves. The personality of the girls and boys develops in the first few years. The children should be able and allowed to show these, while at the same time they adhere to the rules of social behavior.
Since children learn primarily through games, it should be social too Competence training in kindergarten run playfully. For example, it is possible to rebuild a board game in such a way that it contributes to the social development of the children. For example, play a memory with feelings or the representation of feelings. The children enjoy the variety and at the same time they train their understanding of different emotions. At the same time, you can also explain how to approach a person who is currently experiencing a certain feeling. How do I deal with someone who is sad, angry, disappointed, or afraid right now?
In this way the children gain positive experiences. They learn that there is nothing wrong with expressing feelings. The game also tells them how to behave appropriately in the relevant situations. In this way, skills are imparted and self-confidence is strengthened through games - a sensible strategy for working in daycare.
Not only through games, but also through simple practice, the Children's ability to interact be trained. Especially at a young age, children can do little with theoretical knowledge. If you want to teach the girls and boys something, the best way to do this is through practical training. So when it comes to strengthening her Contact and communication skills you should actively practice this with the children.
Of course, the same applies here that the girls and boys can learn from the model and from stories. However, the knowledge is even better memorized if you apply it straight away. How do I address another child? You can practice everyday and simple conversations in the children's group. Show the children how such a conversation can begin. Then the children do it immediately.
This not only has the advantage that the girls and boys trust each other more under familiar faces. You can also try out yourself in this protected environment. The important thing is that you have one respectful interaction in the kindergarten group push through. Nobody should be laughed at. Such exercises also help to solve difficult situations and problems between the children. Show the girls and boys through exercises and role-play what is happening in the communication anything can go wrong. Of course, you should also show how a wide variety of conflict situations can be resolved together.
Role-play can also make it clear what exclusion feels like for those affected. Through the training you will achieve a stronger cohesion. The children learn to behave (more) socially and to recognize problems with each other. The girls and boys should also know who they can get help from if they have problems. In some cases the children are still too young to find a suitable solution to a conflict. Then they should know that there is someone out there who can help them resolve the situation.
You might also be interested in the subject of "Social and Emotional Competence"
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