How to do laminate floor sealing
Sealing laminate - the great comparison of means
Laminate is relatively robust, but the layer structure of this floor covering means that moisture can cause serious damage. For this reason, laminate should always be wiped with very little moisture if possible. You can also seal the laminate so that you don't have to be so careful. Then dirt and moisture are immediately rejected by the laminate floor. The moisture cannot penetrate between the individual layers.
Laminate is made from several thin layers of wood. That way, laminate remains very flexible. At the same time, this process, together with the click system, ensures easy laying and processing of laminate. The top layer of the wood is sealed with a synthetic resin product, but moisture can still penetrate the sides and in all seams. The moisture ensures that the laminate panels expand and swell. Depending on the severity of this damage, the floor will begin to squeak. In severe cases, the panels can slide up and break. There are several methods of sealing the laminate yourself. Here we compare the individual means for sealing laminate.
Material and preparation
What you need:
- Floor wiper
- Wringing system
- Microfiber cloth
- Cotton rag
- Plastic spatula
- Nano sealing
- Polish / seal
- Wax sealing
- Oil sealing
Costs and prices for a seal
It can hardly be more extreme than the prices for sealing laminate. While some products cost less than five euros per liter, high-quality, long-lasting seals are often called for well over 30 euros. Here are some examples of the prices of different products.
- Sofix Laminate Care - 1 l - around 5.00 euros
- Mellerud gloss laminate sealant - 1 l - around 8.00 euros
- HG laminate coating - 1 l - sufficient for 60 m2 - about 10.00 euros
- Bona Polish care product - 1 l - about 12.00 euros
- Poliboy laminate renovator - 500 ml - about 10.00 euros
- Nano floor sealer Preimess - 1 l - about 45.00 euros
With the exception of the nano sealing, it is usually not immediately apparent which substances are contained in the sealing. Do you want certain ingredients avoid, you should take a magnifying glass with you and study the fine print or check the manufacturer's data sheets. Often you can only tell from the specified drying time whether a product contains solvents. Most manufacturers have put their data sheets for the products online. So that you can check the exact ingredients in the comfort of your own home.
frequently asked Questions
When is the right time for the seal?
A laminate can be sealed at any time after thorough cleaning, but the laminate will be particularly beautiful and durable if you seal it immediately after installation. In this way, optimal protection of the many small joints and seams is achieved. This means that little or no moisture can penetrate the chip material of the individual layers of the laminate. However, the seal will not protect against scuffs or scratches.
Why seal laminate?
The great advantage of click laminate in particular also makes it more susceptible to moisture. Due to the glue-free installation, the floor can in some cases even continue to be used when moving, or it can be easily torn out. However, the simple installation without glue ensures open seams that moisture can easily penetrate when wiping. First and foremost, laminate that was laid without gluing should be sealed.
The end pieces in particular, which had to be cut during installation, are at great risk. Laminate is always lightly sealed at the factory, but of course this protection is no longer given on the cut edges. In addition, with a click laminate, the moisture can run into the tongue and groove connection and remain on the fine spring strip. This means that you no longer have the opportunity to wipe off this moisture again.
Which seal is the right one?
There are very different types of sealing that protect the floor to different degrees. The more often you have to mop the floor, the better the sealer should be. Likewise, particularly strong seals should always be chosen for the kitchen and bathroom or the entrance area, as it is known that this is where most of the moisture acts on the floor. In the living room and bedroom, it is often sufficient to use a liquid sealant or laminate protection that can also be used for wiping.
Types of sealing
There are these seals:
- solvent-based sealing
- Nano sealing
Oil - high maintenance effort - little effect
What works very well with a floor made of real solid wood will not have much effect with a laminate floor. Nevertheless, oil or wax seals for laminate are offered again and again. At least the oil seal is more of a hazard than protection, because naturally the plastic surface of the laminate panels cannot soak up the oil. So it stays on the surface where it forms a greasy film that is very slippery. In addition, the effect of the seal is only short-lived, because the next time you wipe with a cleaning agent, you take the oil with you. The drying time of an oil seal is at least 24 hours.
Wax - different products with different degrees of effectiveness
Depending on its consistency, wax is somewhat more effective than oil, but it can also be removed quickly by wiping it too warm. Basically, you should only use wax if the laminate has a Real wood surface owns. With a plastic surface, like most types of laminate, wax is more of an effort than makes sense. The drying time of a wax seal depends on which wax you choose. Some products are as firm as real wax, making them difficult to apply and distribute. However, these seals are also the more durable on the laminate. The more liquid the product, the longer it will have to dry.
Tip: The only advantage of these two seals with oil or wax is the lack of solvents. A harmful odor will not develop here. This means that these products can also be used in closed rooms.
Sealing with solvents
Sealing with a solvent-based product is a bit of a double-edged matter. The protection against penetrating moisture on the floor is higher, the more solvents are contained in the seal. This is of course not so good for them environment and for your own health. Breathing masks should therefore be worn when applying such a sealant. In addition, you have to ensure a good supply of air and also avoid the room for a while after application and ventilate at the same time. Products that are heavily mixed with solvents even contain up to 60 percent of these harmful substances. On the other hand, the drying time for the seals is also considerably reduced. In addition, little or no polishing is required to create the shine.
Tip: Avoid using these products in living rooms or bedrooms. Some solvent-based sealants still steam after weeks harmful to health Substances in small quantities. Nobody wants that in their bedroom or children's room.
- Nano sealing
We hear about the tiny nanoparticles in many areas today. These small particles are also contained in the nano-sealing for laminate. These particles are able to close the pores of the laminate for a long time. The particles form a real protective layer that also prevents dirt from sticking. At the same time, these particles are relatively flexible, which has an anti-slip effect on the laminate floor. Another advantage is the long shelf life of this sealant. While you have to reapply other sealants after a few weeks, a nano seal should last about three years.
Conclusion: The nano-sealing is clearly the best choice currently on the market. At the same time, however, the nano-sealing also has the highest price of the various products. So you have to decide whether your laminate is worth the effort at all. An extremely cheap laminate for five euros per square meter can be bought new in a few years, because then it will be scratched anyway. Converted, many manufacturers charge around 3.50 to 5.00 euros per square meter for the nano-sealing. With a high-quality laminate that is in a much-used area in the house, you should not shy away from this use.
Sealing laminate - instructions
The sealant has to be worked in very thoroughly, which can be quite a bit of work. Many household tips repeatedly recommend adding a little vinegar to the mopping water to prevent streaks when mopping. But the vinegar leaches out the laminate or pulls the painstakingly applied sealant back out of the floor covering. Therefore, you should only use vinegar for cleaning before sealing to remove greasy dirt.
Step 1 - clean the floor
The laminate floor, even if it is brand new, should first be cleaned thoroughly with a very slightly damp microfiber cloth. The term foggy is again very appropriate, as only a hint of moisture should really be used. In addition, the cleaning water should not be too warm.
Tip: You can polish away small scratches with a microfiber cloth and some baby oil and black shoe marks disappear with a normal eraser. Such damage should also be removed before sealing. However, polishing does not solve these two problems.
Step 2 - apply sealant
Some seals are applied with a soft cloth; other products may require a plastic spatula. The polish or seal should be incorporated in small sections. Particular attention should be paid to the seams and joints.
Tip: On both sides of the room where the cut panels were processed, you should very carefully close the joints and joints. Some manufacturers also recommend sealing the cut edges before laying them.
Step 3 - repolishing
The seal is polished with a soft cloth, such as a cotton cloth or a fine microfiber cloth, until nothing can be seen of the product. However, this is not necessary for many products if they contain solvents. Many seals promise an "instant shine".
Tips for fast readers
- Select a suitable seal
- Oil seal only short-term effect - slippery
- Wax a little better - natural solvent-free
- Solvent-based sealant with unhealthy odor development
- Sealing with solvents has a better long-term effect
- long and good sealing through nano sealing
- Nanoparticles seal joints and seams
- Seal immediately after laying
- Clean the floor thoroughly but only with a damp cloth
- Apply the seal with a cloth, brush or spatula
- Polish the seal with a soft cloth
- polish until the seal is invisible
- Repeat every six months depending on usage
- Nano sealing lasts up to three years
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