What art form is revered

The frieze in the 19th century : aesthetic and genre-specific aspects of an art form

The work deals with the architectural decorative element derived from antiquity, the frieze, whose aesthetic and format-specific qualities were rediscovered in the 19th century. The art form appears in a range that goes far beyond the conventional use in its original context and shows that it corresponds to the expressive will of the epoch. The investigations cover a whole century and give a European cross-section. The ancient Parthenon frieze of the Acropolis is responsible for the rediscovery of the medium at the beginning of the era. The frieze, which was brought to England, is revered throughout Europe as the linchpin of aesthetic and artistic issues and as a new ideal of Greek art. A separate chapter shows how the frieze is received in the area of ​​relief art, painting and decorative art, but also how a content and motif detachment from this model in favor of an orientation towards the needs of one's own, developing epoch takes place, so that the frieze emancipated himself into a modern art form. One aim of the work is to create a format-specific basis for the frieze in the 19th century. The frieze can be defined as a directional image that turns out to be the ideal-typical format for a century with an interest in the scientific processing of history and the signs of progress and development. Since the frieze is an architecture-specific format that allows space-consuming wall surfaces to be filled and at the same time offers decorative display modes, the frieze in particular fulfills the ideas of decorative wall painting, which is a concern of the 19th century, when looking for the panel painting again Bringing a connection with the architecture. Finally, the frieze is placed in connection with the idea of ​​a sacred space for art, which reaches its climax with the Beethoven frieze for the secession in Vienna. Dissertation Düsseldorf 2000.