Which fruits come from self-pollinating plants
Do you have to pollinate citrus plants to harvest lemons and oranges? This question is asked frequently, which is not surprising, given that the pollination of the flower is the decisive prerequisite for many plants to produce fruit. But the plant world and especially the world of citrus plants is diverse, so the answer is not that clear. In this article we want to explain the most important information about the pollination of citrus plants.
Bees, wild bees and bumblebees are welcome guests in every citrus blossom.
Pollinate citrus plants - bees preferred
As for many plant species, the bee is an important livestock for citrus plants to pollinate the flowers. The bees, wild bees and bumblebees are avid flower visitors and fly from flower to flower to collect nectar. There is always some pollen stuck to their bodies, which they then lose in the next flower. So they pollinate the plants almost on the side. The reach of these hardworking helpers leads to an expansion of the plant's genetic pool by mixing male and female genes. Since bees only ever fly to one plant species, there are no unwanted species crossings. This means that the kernels of the citrus fruits produced by bee pollination are fertile, which means that they could be produced by a new plant. So let the busy bees help you pollinate citrus plants.
(Wild) bees and bumblebees are attracted by the flowers of the citrus plant. The citrus blossom not only delights us hobby gardeners and plant lovers, but is primarily an attractant for useful insects. Plants draw attention to themselves with beautiful, unusual, large, colorful or somehow eye-catching flowers. The radiant white and the intense scent of the citrus blossom are all too tempting for the busy bees and bumblebees.
It can't hurt if several bees fly to the same flower, because the following applies: the more often a flower is pollinated, the greater the harvest it produces. So reports the nature conservation association. This is especially true for pollination by wild bees. For this reason, bee pollination is useful and desirable even with self-pollinating plants - which produce fruit even without bees - because bees are real experts in pollinating citrus plants.
Pollinate citrus plants - but you can also do without them
Of course, not all plants are dependent on bee pollination because there are other ways for plants to reproduce. One of them is wind pollination, which is considered to be the oldest type of pollination. About 38% of all plant species are pollinated this way. Citrus plants can also be wind pollinated, but pollination by bees or self-fertilization is more common. A self-pollinating plant is the ideal plant for a winter garden: Since it does not depend on cross-pollination, it does not have to be within reach of bees or bumblebees. In any case, self-pollination also turns every flower into a fruit. However, some fruits are also thrown off the plant at an early stage so that the fruits remaining on the plant can all be optimally supplied. In return, these can then become all the more beautiful. Of course, self-fertilizing plants are not only useful for the winter garden. A citrus plant that adorns a balcony or terrace also looks more attractive with lush flowers and fruits.
Even with garden flowers - like the false mallow here - busy bees pollinate the flowers.
Pollinate citrus plants - give bees a chance
Even if your primary goal is not to have your citrus plants pollinated, bees and bumblebees should still be in every garden. After all, they cannot and should not pollinate citrus plants. Bees make a valuable contribution to the preservation of our ecosystem. So it's a good thing that is worth supporting. An insect hotel is a good way to do this. Similar to birdhouses, insect hotels are not only a useful, but also a decorative element for the garden, terrace or balcony. In spring and summer, an insect hotel offers shelter for bees and other beneficial insects, which an insect hotel gladly accepts as a nesting aid. These beneficial insects are not only the hard-working bees that pollinate your citrus plants, but also other animals such as the ladybugs that feed on aphids and thus can help keep your plants healthy. In autumn and winter, an insect hotel serves as a wintering aid for these beneficial insects, which are increasingly dependent on help, as their natural habitats are increasingly being changed or destroyed by humans. It is all the more important that we protect nature and do something good for it. Insect hotels that specialize in one type, e.g. bee hotels, or smaller insect hotels for the balcony are also useful. You can buy insect hotels in the orangery shop. No matter if big or small, for the garden or for the balcony - there is the right insect hotel for everyone.
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