What is your favorite tree in full bloom?
Bee-friendly trees: our top 10
Bees are happy about everything that blooms in the garden. We introduce you to 10 bee-friendly trees and shrubs that you can use to ideally support the little striped hummers.
Everyone is talking about the death of insects. So it is high time to finally do something and make a personal contribution to protecting the insects. You can easily start in your own garden, for example by planting bee-friendly flowers or trees. Every forage plant is important, but so is the flowering range during the year. We are therefore introducing you to 10 bee-friendly trees over the course of the year.
The bee and bumblebee colonies develop in spring. The production of honey is not yet important during this time. Pollen is now sought after to supply the brood with proteins, but also nectar to feed hatched young bees.
1. Willows (Salix)
Our native willow species are valuable insect plants. In addition to the honey bee, over 500 indigenous insect species benefit from the early flowering of the willow, including numerous moths. An important representative is the Salweide (Salix caprea). This already blooms in March and April and is also an important source of food for bumblebees, hoverflies, butterflies and honey bees. Almost 60 species of wild bees visit the flowers of the willow in spring. The male pussy willow mainly provides pollen, while the female catkins are rich in nectar.
2. The flower ash (Fraxinus ornus)
The flowers of the flower ash are not particularly rich in nectar, but in vast amounts of pollen. Between May and June the tree is draped over and over with the white, fragrant panicles of flowers. These attract countless bumblebees and bees.
3. Norway maple (Acer platanoides)
Norway maple is flown heavily. Its early flowering provides food for the insects before the fruit trees finally start to bloom. After the early period of construction, bees collect their first honey, the so-called early forage.
4. Fruit trees (Prunus, Malus and Pyrus)
When the fruit tree blossoms over the land, a wonderful sight reveals itself - also for insects. Cherry plum (Prunus cerasifera) and sloe (Prunus spinosa) provide plenty of food early on, before other fruit trees such as sweet cherries, plums, apples and pears bloom.
5. Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
The horse chestnut is known for its abundant blooms between April and June. It blooms for a long time and not only supplies heaps of pollen, but also propolis, which bees need as cement for building.
6. Apple thorn (Crataegus x lavallei "Carrier")
The apple thorn is a real magnet for insects and is very popular with all kinds of bees and bumblebees. Its decorative white flowers appear between May and June.
7. The black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
The black locust is certainly one of the most famous insect trees in this country. Although not originally indigenous, it has been widespread since it was introduced about 300 years ago. When the black locust blooms for about two weeks in late May to early June, insects such as bees and hover flies are almost magically attracted. The flowers provide plenty of nectar with a high proportion of fructose, which means that the nectar remains liquid for a long time. Beekeepers love the robinia because honey bees extract the coveted acacia honey from their flowers. In July and August the number of flowering trees decreases steadily. Plenty of food for insects is particularly important right now, as winter supplies are now being created.
8. The linden tree (Tilia spec.)
In late summer, between July and August, the linden trees begin to bloom. If you stand under a linden tree at this time, you will hear how coveted its nectar is. These trees are particularly flown over in the evening hours. The last flowering species of linden is the silver linden. However, this linden tree still smells when it has run out of nectar. This lures insects, especially bumblebees, astray. If you plant a silver linden tree, it is particularly important that you also offer alternative forage plants in your area, for example through our Plantura bee pasture.
9. Velvet-haired stink ash (bee tree) (Tetradium daniellii var. hupehensi / Euodia hupehensis)
The term velvet-haired stink ash is not very charming. Bienenbaum sounds a lot more advantageous. The rich flowering of the Asian tree extends into August and provides insects with nectar and pollen. The latter in particular is extremely nutritious.
10. pagoda tree (Styphnolobium japonicum)
The pagoda tree will still bloom after most of the other trees have already withered. It is also known as the honey tree and lives up to its name. In August and September the tree shows its white-yellow inflorescences and releases plenty of nectar.
Expert tip: If you don't have the space in the garden to plant new bee-friendly trees, you can also create a bee pasture and thus create an additional source of food for the beneficial insects. Our Plantura bee pasture is ideal for this.
If you are looking for even more bee-friendly plants to add to your garden, this article can help you find 10 bee-friendly herbs.
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Even if plants hardly move, for me they are among the most exciting living things. They have fascinating skills and an incredible amount of potential. That's why I'm studying organic agriculture in Vienna. Since plants are rather few and far between in the city, I often go hiking in the nearby mountains on weekends. In the future I would like to run a farm myself.
Favorite fruits: strawberries and gooseberries
Favorite vegetable: zucchini
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