What jobs do graduate mechanical engineers get

The engineering profession: what do engineers do?

What professions can you pursue after studying engineering? What do engineers do and where do they work? We take a closer look at engineering professions and the professional world of engineers.

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Engineer - a job with a future

Even if it is usually a few years from the beginning of your studies to entering your professional life: Everyone thinks about what he or she can do later with what he or she has learned. The engineering profession offers exciting opportunities in many different areas, and not only in Germany for a long time. The specialist knowledge of technology experts "made in Germany" is also in great demand abroad.

In addition, the demand in the labor market is quite high. Even if more and more young people are opting for a degree in engineering, the professional perspective remains excellent due to rapid developments, especially in the areas in which electrical engineering and IT play a role. If vacancies still remain vacant, in most cases this is because the employer is looking for a specialization that is difficult to find on the job market. So it makes sense to find out before starting your studies in which industries the demand is particularly high and which specialization is currently particularly in demand.

Career opportunities after graduation

Of course, your specific professional activity depends on your choice of study. However, the areas in which engineers later find employment are incredibly diverse and varied. To give you a first impression, here are a few "boom industries" in the field of engineering.


Robots have become an indispensable part of our modern life. For example, they support the production of goods, take on dangerous tasks and help us (often unnoticed) in many things in everyday life. Engineers are working on making robots even more effective and reliable. This not only includes building and maintaining the robots, but also programming. With the help of computer science, engineers create artificial intelligence and bring us one step closer to the future.

Renewable energy

Wind, sun, water and geothermal energy: these are the energy suppliers of our future. In the context of the debate about climate change and the finite nature of resources such as coal and gas, renewable energies will play an increasingly important role in our energy supply. Engineers play a key role here. With their constructions, they make it possible in the first place to convert the energy supplied by the elements into electricity, to transport it and to store it. Here engineers not only find a job with a future and good growth opportunities, but also have the opportunity to make a contribution to the preservation of our environment and our living spaces.


Whether in the field of medicine, biotechnology, the automotive industry, IT and many others: microelectronics can be found almost everywhere these days. It makes our electrical devices smaller, lighter and more effective. Engineers play a key role in this process: They develop and build optical, electronic and mechanical components and create functioning systems from them. The professional field of microelectronics is still relatively young, the demand for qualified specialists from the field is all the higher.

Of course, this selection represents only a tiny fraction of the many possible professional fields in which engineers work. As numerous as the different industries in which engineers find a job, the activities they carry out there are just as varied. Many engineering professions have long since had nothing in common with the classic image of the site manager drawing drafts on the drawing board or supervising work with a helmet and rubber boots. Of course, many engineers still work in construction and assembly or in civil engineering. But you can also find them in the purchasing or sales of companies, they are active in science and research or they are employees in the public service. Engineers work for banks and insurance companies as well as in management or project management, in marketing departments or as technical consultants. And finally, there are quite a few who also dare to take the plunge into self-employment.

Tips for starting a career as an engineer

Graduates from engineering courses usually find their way into working life very quickly. Nevertheless, you can significantly increase your chances of getting your dream job by taking the initiative and following a few important tips during your studies.

For example, all employers welcome practical experience and an important qualification on the job market. Internships are compulsory in most courses and offer a good opportunity to gain initial practical skills and experience. A job as a student or research assistant at a company or at the respective university itself not only helps with financing your studies. It also offers the opportunity to apply the theoretically acquired knowledge directly in practice and thus acquire important skills.

Another advantage is the fact that companies prefer to employ applicants whose work they have already had a good impression of. Contacts and the famous "vitamin B" are also important factors for engineers, which have a positive effect when looking for a job and can help to assert oneself against other applicants.

Another plus point is experience abroad. The engineering industry is very international and cooperation across national borders is not uncommon for large projects and in times of globalization. A confident command of a foreign language and a certain intercultural competence are factors that large companies in particular place a certain value on in their applicants. If you have the opportunity to go abroad during your studies (for example, through an internship abroad or an Erasmus semester), you should take this opportunity.