What is a garden
A garden is an outdoor space that is separated from its surroundings. Plants are grown in this place, and animals are sometimes kept. Many gardens are said to have a yield: fruits, vegetables, spices, flowers and other things. Other gardens are also supposed to bring joy to people simply by looking beautiful.
The word garden comes from a crop: These are thin branches or twigs that were used to fence gardens in the past. With a fence or walls or hedges you show where a garden is. And you also want to protect a garden, from animals, thieves or other intruders. Gardeners have learned this profession and are employed by the owners to maintain their gardens and parks.
It is difficult to tell exactly the difference between a garden and a park. The garden is more about harvest; the park is more about beauty. In addition, gardens mostly belong to one person, so they are fenced and private. Parks are more public and belong to a city, for example. You can have a fence with gates, but sometimes they are only closed at night and open during the day. In the past, only the lord of the castle and his friends were allowed into many castle gardens, but today they have become public parks. Nevertheless, they often still bear the name “Schlossgarten”.
What types of gardens are there?
There are many types of gardens. The gardens of the French castles such as Versailles near Paris are very well known. Such gardens are carefully planned and usually have straight paths and neat flower beds, with fountains and statues. A typical English landscape garden is also planned, but it looks much more natural. The paths are often crooked, old or old-looking bridges lead over small lakes or rivers. Today these gardens are more like parks.
In the past, every farm had its own garden. Mostly the farmer's wife was responsible for this. She planted vegetables, spices for the kitchen and flowers for jewelry. Such gardens are called "cottage gardens". The fence is especially important here so that cows and other pets don't trample the garden and eat the vegetables.
The house garden is similar. A vegetable, flower or spice garden can be created around a family house. If you simply sow lawn, you also have a garden. More and more people want to have as little work as possible with their home garden and therefore simply cover the earth with stones. This is called a "gravel garden". The downside, however, is that the air becomes very hot and dry. Cottage gardens and house gardens are classed as allotment gardens.
If you live in an apartment, you might have the opportunity to rent a piece of land as a garden just outside. This also counts as allotment gardens, and they are often called “family gardens” or “allotment gardens”. Often several such gardens are next to each other and are fenced together. On many of these allotment gardens there is a small wooden house for gardening tools and for making a coffee. There is often a large hut in the middle of the garden area. There are toilets there and often the opportunity to buy drinks or fertilizers for the garden. Especially after the war, these gardens were supposed to help the families to get some of their food themselves.
The botanical gardens are also special. They usually belong to a city or a university. There special plants were used and specially arranged. It can be plants from a particular country or plants from a certain area, for example cacti or some other specialty. Often such a garden is located in a large glass house so that the right warmth and humidity of the air can be achieved. In a botanical garden, visitors should not only be amazed, but above all should be able to learn something. That is why the plants are well labeled and precisely explained.
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