Vertical farming can be a profitable business

Indoor Vertical Agriculture Business - Plan & Profit Margin

So-called vertical farming is a technique in which plants are grown in rows and columns that require less space. This idea piques the interest of people who want to do business in a limited space. The fundamental opportunity lies in the hands of the entrepreneurs who set up the company. Vertical farming can be applied in any location provided that proper indoor work is done. This can be explained by learning the importance of using the site. To start this business on a large scale, you need architects, LEDs, and the right software. In this researched article, we are going to discuss how to start a vertical farm business and what methods are available for that farm.

-Architects: Vertical agriculture is only possible if there is a planned interior construction, which in turn is required for irrigation purposes. This calls for architects who specialize in garden interiors. Another option in this sector is to work as a vertical agricultural architect.

-LED: LED is a component that, if the method is not hydroponic, is used for plant growth in vertical agriculture. Hence, people who run LED light businesses have an opportunity in vertical farming.

-Software: The growth and quality of the crops being grown are sometimes monitored by special automated software programs when the business is conducted with large investments. These software programs are used on site by special software professionals. Because of this work in vertical farming, software can also be incorporated into the possibilities of vertical farming.

Basic requirements for starting a vertical farm

Vertical agriculture is basically defined as vertical cultivation instead of the typical horizontal form. The basic requirements for vertical agriculture differ depending on the size of the company.

-The size of the agricultural area is not to be taken into account in this type of agriculture. Even a small area on the patio would do.

-Large businesses or investments employ high tech machinery and factors to start vertical farming, while small investments require fewer items to start with.

-Discuss the need for small business first, say even at home. To start vertical farming at home, you need a wall or a vertical level to start planting. These vertical levels can be equipped with tubs or small containers.

-These containers are filled with sand, gravel or even liquid. People who need significantly less cost can use water bottles as containers. The main thing is the healthy nutrient-rich plants, the fruits and vegetables that will sprout from them.

-This technique requires less or no soil. Given the removal of the soil, this method would make farming at home a lot easier.

Next up is agriculture at higher levels. This requires the use of high-tech machines and equipment. Here in this huge business, entrepreneurs are empowered to invest more in setup. The set-up cost is quite high due to the installation of high quality pipes and tanks.

Large corporations cannot do all of the work by a single person, so planning for large corporations must consider labor law issues. The number of employees will be directly proportional to the size of the company. As mentioned earlier, monitoring is done through software, so a computerized environment is required for large vertical farming businesses.

Summary of requirements for vertical farming at home

- Considerable land or terrace area for installing small structures

- Containers or bottles for planting

-Proper irrigation methods

-Good source of light for growth

-Regular checking to ensure the standard growth rate

Summary of the requirements for vertical agriculture at the industrial level

-Great land area

-Software to monitor growth

-Workers to keep the whole setup up and running

- Architects to make the layout as profitable as possible

-Materials for building the vertical farm

-Air conditioning systems in industry

-Slim LED lights for stimulating growth

The above lists are the basics for vertical farming in the respective company sizes. These requirements change depending on an individual's interest in a different type of establishment.

Favorable season for vertical agriculture

Vertical farming is not limited to a particular season at the beginning. Whether it's a sunny or a windy day, vertical farming is not affected by them at large companies. With this technique, varieties of plants are grown and the season changes accordingly.

Crops for vertical cultivation

-Green salad




- hot peppers


Aside from the plants listed above, there are several other crops that can be grown vertically. These are just some examples. This is not intended to limit the readers in the listed products.

Vertical agricultural processes

The processes of starting a vertical farm depend heavily on the methods used. Anyone thinking of a commercial vertical farming business requires a knowledge of the various methods of farming. First, we will discuss in simple terms the meaning of each one.

Indoor vertical growing methods

-Aeroponics Farming: with the help of mist sprayed on the roots

-Hydroponics Farming: with the use of nutrient-rich liquid

-Aquaponics Farming: with the use of fish

Aeroponics growing method

Aeroponics is a method in which nutrient-rich water is sprayed onto the roots of the partially grown plants.

-This method begins by suspending a number of partially grown plantlets over any medium (depending on what suits the financial background of the entrepreneur).

-The mist sprayed on the roots of the plants replaces pure water and the whole process is carried out in a moisture-laden environment.

-The nutrient that is sprayed in acts directly on the roots of the plants and helps to optimally store the vitamins and minerals.

-The roots are sprayed regularly and thus remain moisturized and safe from drought.

-The most important thing is that with this method, the plants are hung free of soil or other medium so that the roots can survive in an oxygen-rich environment.

Hydroponics growing method

-This method is considered to be the easiest when thinking about the steps involved. Just a few steps make up the entire process without complex functions.

-The plants taken for agriculture are contained in every medium, but not in soil. The choice of medium depends on the available growing area and the layout or construction of the structure.

-The medium can be anything like coconut fiber, coconut peat, sand, gravel and so on. The basic aim is to select a medium that can replace the soil.

-Once the medium is selected, planning should be made on how nutrient-rich water will get to the roots.

-Hydroponics and aeroponics differ only in the way that nutrient-rich water is exposed to the roots. In simple terms, instead of spraying it on the roots, the nutrient-enriched water is provided at the end of the roots by the plantlet sticking to it and being harvested.

-And for this, the composition of the water should be clearly checked if necessary. It is very important to check the quality of the water as the roots are always submerged in it. Errors in nutrient content can affect growth.

Aquaponics growing method

The last method is aquaponics. Although this method falls under the techniques of aquaponics, it is not primarily used by many. It suffers from a double maintenance disadvantage.

- Plants are placed in any porous medium over a body of water of adult fish.

-Fish excrete their waste in the form of ammonia and nitrate, which serve as nutrients for the roots.

-The plant absorbs the nutrients, i.e. the waste, and thus purifies the water.


-The harvest takes place as soon as the plant has reached full growth or maturity.

-In the in-house farm, the plant parts that have grown are chopped up with the available cutting machines.

- In commercial agriculture, special machines are used to cut them and speed up the work because the area is huge.

Business opportunity

Then comes the sales part of the plants produced. The sales process is more important than the growth process because it means the end of the entire game - that is, the profits made.

-You can simply sell the harvested plants on the available market or use them for your own purposes if it is an in-house, small-scale agriculture.

-On the other hand, when it comes to selling, commercial agriculture does not work like home-grown agriculture. A perfect study is needed to identify the areas of cost reduction after production.

-Packaging and transportation should be planned clearly and with the least amount of effort.

-The profits should be calculated on a reasonable margin that allows the entrepreneur to set aside money for further production.

-The correct pricing method should be used after studying the company's situation and market demand.

Use the following methods to sell your product

-Start your own production unit with a brand name.

-Delivery from other sellers without emphasizing the brand.

- Selling online on Amazon, eBay.

-Cooperation with grocery stores or companies.

-Supply of the city's central market.

Profit margin in vertical farming business

-The profits made depend entirely on the cost of production and pricing policy. Two main costs that need to be considered are fixed and variable.

Fixed costs include the amount spent on perennial assets such as construction, infrastructure, installation costs and installed machinery.

-The variable costs consist of labor costs, raw materials, other expenses, transport and packaging.

Increase Profits

Profits can be a little higher than usual by applying a few things, such as:

-Less water consumption with aeroponics.

-Control systems to regulate the temperature of the standard growth.

-Extremely profitable layout without the wasting of just a square foot.

-Proper maintenance to avoid work interruptions due to repairs.

-Combine aeroponics and hydroponics for greater productivity and profitability.

-Multiple units in one package to reduce packaging cost.

-The elimination of high-quality containers, as these perishable goods do not require a longer stay in the containers used.

Planning for profits in this business

As mentioned earlier, the profit is entirely in the hands of intelligent planning. For example, a 1000 square foot person can begin vertical farming by placing the media horizontally on top of one another. It constantly increases the number of rows one on top of the other. This increases maintenance costs by installing elevated machines for harvesting purposes. So in this case it is a loss or a bad profit.

Another case is that a 500 square foot person would wisely lay out the layout by stacking four rows and reducing the footprint by using the maximum of it for growing space. The tools used here are not complex and production is also high.


Market demand for the product is a factor that needs to be taken into account when setting the price. A product with a very high price for a lower demand does not pave the way for a profitable business.

Big profits can be made if the product is rare for that particular area. For example, mint leaves are rare in places like America, Canada, and a few other countries. Therefore, the price can be higher if these are grown as they are urgently needed there.

The last phase of the cycle

-Plants harvested after the sale should also be withheld in the company itself. When planting for the first time, plants are purchased that are included in the investment. For the next routine, however, the planting source should be the company itself. For example, lettuce is a type of lettuce that will still grow after being cut. The rest of the unsold plants should be used for the next planting set.

-Nutrients should be reassembled for different types of plants.

-The setup should be checked before starting the next routine.

-If necessary, the setup can be changed if the desired production is not achieved.


Vertical agriculture will serve as a tool to change the way people look at the concept of agriculture. To make this a success, new technological innovations are introduced to support the entrepreneurs and make the business more profitable. Investors can no doubt invest in these companies because of the incredible success they have had over the past few years.