What are some top architects in Mumbai

The best of Mumbai architecture in 7 structures

Mumbai's architecture is as diverse and majestic as the city itself. From Victorian Gothic to ancient Indians, the variety of architectural styles seen in the city's buildings is sure to amaze everyone. We have put together 7 particularly noteworthy structures in the city.

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The Taj Mahal Palace

Designed by architects Sitaram Khanderao Vaidya and DN Mirza, the Mumbai hotel has impressed visitors from all over the world for more than a century. The hotel with the Arabian Sea was built in 1903 under Jamshetji Tata and was inspired by the whole world - with impressive Victorian Gothic, Romanesque and Edwardian elements. The distinctive dome of the Taj Mahal Palace served as the first clear marker of Bombay Harbor until the nearby Gateway of India was built.

Apollo Bunder, Mumbai

© Joe Ravi / WikiCommons

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Gateway of India

This Mumbai landmark was meant to commemorate King George V and Queen Mary's visit to Mumbai in 1911, but construction didn't begin until 1915. Designed by Scottish architect George Wittet, the Gateway of India was built on land reclaimed from the sea in 1924. Inspired by the country's architecture, the structure blends Islamic and Hindu styles with Roman influences.

Apollo Bunder, Mumbai

© Glaeronius / WikiCommons

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya

The cornerstone of this striking museum was laid in 1906 by the Prince of Wales (later King George V). The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, which is currently the most important museum in Mumbai, features some of the most distinctive structures you will find in South Mumbai. The impressive building was designed by the Scottish architect George Wittet and combines Indian and Saracen architectural styles. The Taj Mahal in Agra and the Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur inspire the building.

159-161, Mahatma Gandhi Street, Fort

© Anoop Ravi / WikiCommons

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus station

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, designed by British architect Frederick William Stevens, is one of the landmarks in Mumbai today. The station was opened in 1888 and still serves millions of commuters every day. The UNESCO World Heritage Site features impressive Victorian Gothic and Indian architectural styles including turrets, pointed arches and a tall central dome with a prominent female figure holding a torch in one hand and a spoked wheel in the other.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Area, Fort

Mumbai, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus) | © Arian Zegers / Flickr

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Rajabai clock tower Mumbai

This iconic 85-meter clock tower in Fort was modeled after Big Ben in London by the English architect George Gilbert Scott. The entire cost of the tower, which was completed in 1878, was paid for by Premchand Roychand, a successful broker and founding member of the Bombay Stock Exchange, on condition that it be named after his mother, Rajabai. Built in the Venetian and Gothic styles of architecture, the structure was at one point the tallest in Mumbai.

Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil Marg, Mantralaya, Fort

© Marathitremi101 / WikiCommons

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Global Vipassana Pagoda

The global Vipassana Pagoda in Borivali is modeled after the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, Myanmar and will impress everyone with its immaculate architecture and strong message. The dome of the building, which is equipped with the largest stone dome in the world without supporting pillars, is twice the size of the Gol Gumbaz Cathedral in Bijapur, which was formerly considered the largest stone monument in the world. The impressive pagoda was built to thank Gautama Buddha and serve as a reminder of his teachings.

Global Pagoda Road, next to Esselworld, Borivali West, Gorai

© Prateek manjrekar / WikiCommons

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Banganga tank

This ancient structure in South Mumbai is a reminder that great architecture is not new to Mumbai. Built in 1127 AD, the Banganga tank and its encircling Walkeshwar temple complex is a breathtaking sight that continues to inspire artists across media. Although the complex was destroyed by the Portuguese in the 16th century, it was rebuilt into its current form in the 18th century with funds from Rama Kamath, a businessman and philanthropist from Mumbai.

Walkeshwar Road, Teen Batti, Malabar Hill

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