Rahul David's birthday

History in the Making: On Sheldon Pollock’s “NS Indology” and Vishwa Adluri’s “Pride and Prejudice”

References Cited

  1. Adluri, Vishwa P. (2011) “Pride and Prejudice: Orientalism and German Indology”. International Journal of Hindu Studies 15 (3): 253-92

    Article Google Scholar

  2. Anonymous. (1872) “Oriental Studies at Cambridge”. The Indian Antiquary: A Journal of Oriental Research 1: 31

    Google Scholar

  3. Arendt, Hannah. (1945) “Approaches to the’ German Problem ”.’ Partisan Review 12 (1): 93-106

    Google Scholar

  4. Arendt, Hannah. 1962 [1951]. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Meridian.

  5. Arvidsson, Stefan. 2006 [2000]. Aryan Idols: Indo-European Mythology as Ideology and Science (trans. Sonia Wichmann). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  6. Bailly, Jean Sylvain. 1779. Lettres sur l’Atlantide de Platon et sur l’ancienne histoire de l’Asie. Pour servir de suite aux Lettres sur l’origine des sciences, addresses à M. de Voltaire. Paris: Elmesly.

  7. Benes, Tuska. (2004) “Comparative Linguistics as Ethnology: In Search of Indo-Germans in Central Asia, 1770-1830”. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 24 (2): 117–33

    Article Google Scholar

  8. Bergunder, Michael. 2002. “Contested past. Anti-Brahmin and Hindu nationalist reconstructions of early Indian religious history. " In Rahul Peter Das and Michael Bergunder, eds., “Aryans” and “Dravids”: Constructions of the past as the basis for perceptions of self and others in South Asia, 135-81. Halle: Verlag der Francke Foundations (sources and studies on the past and present of South India, 2).

  9. Bergunder, Michael. (2004) “Contested Past: Anti-Brahmanical and Hindu Nationalist Reconstructions of Indian Prehistory”. Historiographia Linguistica 31 (1): 59-104

    Article Google Scholar

  10. Böhtlingk, Otto. 1870-73 [1863-64]. Indian sayings: Sanskrit and German. 3 volumes. St Petersburg: Eggers.

  11. Bohtlingk, Otto. 1879-89. Sanskrit dictionary in a shorter version. 7 parts. St Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences.

  12. Böhtlingk, Otto and Rudolph Roth. 1855-75. Sanskrit dictionary. 7 volumes. St Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences.

  13. Bronkhorst, Johannes. 1999. “Is There an Inner Conflict of Tradition?” In Johannes Bronkhorst and Madhav M. Deshpande, eds., Aryan and Non-Aryan in South Asia: Evidence, Interpretation and Ideology, 33-57. Columbia: South Asia Books (Harvard Oriental Series, Opera Minora, 3).

  14. Chakrabarti, Dilip K. (1997) Colonial Indology: Sociopolitics of the Ancient Indian Past. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, New Delhi

    Google Scholar

  15. Chamberlain, Houston Stewart. (1899) The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century. 2 volumes. Munich, Bruckmann

    Google Scholar

  16. Chamberlain, Houston Stewart. 1905. Aryan worldview. Berlin: Bard, Marquardt & Co. (Die Kultur, 1).

  17. Clarke, John James. (1997) Oriental Enlightenment: the Encounter Between Asian and Western Thought. Routledge, London

    Google Scholar

  18. Ducoeur, Guillaume. 2010. Review of Pascale Rabault-Feuerhahn’s L’archive des origines: Sanskrit, philology, anthropology dans l’Allemagne du XIXe siècle (2008). Revue de l’histoire des religions 227, 2: 273–76.

  19. Figueira, Dorothy Mathilda (2002) Aryans, Jews, Brahmins: Theorizing Authority Through Myths of Identity. State University of New York Press, Albany

    Google Scholar

  20. Franco, Eli. 2004. The Spitzer Manuscript: The Oldest Philosophical Manuscript in Sanskrit. Volume 1 of 2. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences (Phil.-Hist. Class, Memoranda, 323; Contributions to the cultural and intellectual history of Asia, 43).

  21. Franco, Eli and Karin Preisendanz. 2010. “Preface” to Erich Frauwallner’s The Philosophy of Buddhism (2010 [1956]). Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

  22. Frauwallner, Erich. (1939) “The Aryan Part in Indian Philosophy”. Viennese magazine for the customer of the Orient 46: 267–91

    Google Scholar

  23. Frauwallner, Erich. 1944: "The Importance of Indian Philosophy." In Hans Heinrich Schaeder, ed., The Orient in German Research: Lectures at the Berlin Conference on Orientalists, autumn 1942, 158-69. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

  24. Frauwallner, Erich. 2010 [1956]. The philosophy of Buddhism. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

  25. Germana, Nicholas A. (2009) The Orient of Europe: the Mythical Image of India and Competing Images of German National Identity. Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing

    Google Scholar

  26. Goldstücker, Theodor. (1864) “Inspired Writings of Hinduism”. Westminster Review (New Series) 25: 144-69

    Google Scholar

  27. Grant, Madison. (1916) The Passing of the Great Race, or The Racial Basis of European History. Charles Scribner, New York

    Google Scholar

  28. Grünendahl, Reinhold. 2006. “From Indology to Genocide: The Continuity Constructs of Sheldon Pollock and his Epigones in the Light of Their Proof.” In Ute Hüsken, Petra Kieffer-Pülz, and Anne Peters, eds., Jaina-Itihāsa-Ratna: Festschrift for Gustav Roth on the 90th birthday, 209-36. Marburg: Indica et Tibetica (Indica et Tibetica, 47).

  29. Grünendahl, Reinhold. (2008) “History of Science in the Shadow of Post-Orientalist De / Construction”. Orientalist Literature Newspaper 103 (4–5): 457–78

    Article Google Scholar

  30. Grünendahl, Reinhold. 2010. "Post-philological Gestures:‘ Deconstructing ’Textual Criticism." Viennese magazine for customers from South Asia 52–53: 17–28.

  31. Grünendahl, Reinhold. 2012. Archives des artifices, or The Reinvention of “German Indolog” in Terms of a Mythical Quest for National Origins. Halle: University Press Halle-Wittenberg (Studia Indologica Universitatis Halensis, 5).

  32. Günther, Hans F.K. (1934) The Nordic race among the Indo-Europeans of Asia. At the same time a contribution to the question of the original home and race origin of the Indo-Europeans. Munich, Lehmanns

    Google Scholar

  33. Havell, Ernest Binfield. (1918) The History of Aryan Rule in India From the Earliest Times to the Death of Akbar. Harrap, London

    Google Scholar

  34. Herling, Bradley L. 2006. The German Gita: Hermeneutics and Discipline in the German Reception of Indian Thought, 1778-1831. New York: Routledge (Studies in Philosophy).

  35. Hitler Adolf. 1925-27. My fight. 2 volumes. Munich: Rather.

  36. Hitler Adolf. 1980 [1920]. "Why are we anti-Semites?" In Eberhard Jäckel and Axel Kuhn, eds., Hitler's complete records, 1905–1924, 184-204. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlagsanstalt (sources and representations on contemporary history, 21).

  37. Houben, Jan E.M. 1996. "Promising Continuity with a Discontinuous Past." IIAS Newsletter 7, www.iias.nl/iiasn/iiasn7/south/houben.html (accessed March 6, 2012).

  38. Irwin, Robert. (2006) For Lust of Knowing: The Orientalists and Their Enemies. Allen Lane, London

    Google Scholar

  39. Kater, Michael H. 2001 [1966]. The “Ahnenerbe” of the SS 1935–1945: A contribution to the cultural policy of the Third Reich. Munich: Oldenbourg (studies on contemporary history, 6).

  40. Lacoue-Labarthe, Philippe, Jean-Luc Nancy. (1990) “The Nazi Myth”. Critical Inquiry 16 (2): 291-312

    Article Google Scholar

  41. Lariviere, Richard W. 1996. Protestants, Orientalists and Brahmanas: Reconstructing Indian Social History. Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (Gonda Lecture, 1994).

  42. Minerva: Yearbook of the Learned World. 2nd department: Universities and technical colleges. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

  43. Monier-Williams, Monier. (1899) A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Clarendon, Oxford

    Google Scholar

  44. Murti, Kamakshi Pappu. 2001. India: the Seductive and Seduced “Other” of German Orientalism. Westport: Greenwood Press (Contributions in Comparative Colonial Studies, 39).

  45. Oldenberg, Hermann. (1881) Buddha: His life, his teaching, his community. Hertz, Berlin

    Google Scholar

  46. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1882 [1881]. Buddha: His Life, His Doctrine, His Order (trans. William Hoey). London: Williams and Norgate.

  47. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1886. “On Sanskrit Research.” German Rundschau 47: 386–409 [=Deutsche Rundschau, bi-monthly issues 3, 18: 421-443] (also as Oldenberg 1890 and 1899).

  48. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1890 [1886]. "The Study of Sanskrit." In Hermann Oldenberg, Joseph Jastrow, and Carl Heinrich Cornill, Epitomes of Three Sciences: Comparative Philology, Psychology, and Old Testament History, 13-56. Chicago: The Open Court.

  49. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1899 [1886]. "About Sanskrit Research." In Hermann Oldenberg, From India and Iran: Collected Essays, 1-42. Berlin: Hertz.

  50. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1906. “Indian and Classical Philology. Lecture given at the 48th Assembly of German Philologists and School Men in Hamburg. " In Johannes Ilberg and Bernhard Gerth, eds., New yearbooks for classical antiquity, history and German literature and for pedagogy 9: 1-9 (also as Oldenberg 1967).

  51. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1917 [1894]. The religion of the Veda. Stuttgart: Cotta.

  52. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1919. Pre-Scientific Science: The Worldview of the Brāhmaṇa Texts. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

  53. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1923 [1903]. The literature of ancient India. Stuttgart: Cotta.

  54. Oldenberg, Hermann. 1967 [1906]. “Indian and Classical Philology. Lecture given at the 48th Assembly of German Philologists and School Men in Hamburg. " In Hermann Oldenberg, Small fonts (ed. Klaus L. Janert), 2: 1515-23. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag (Glasenapp Foundation, 1.2).

  55. Phelps, Reginald H. (1968) “Hitler's 'fundamental' speech on anti-Semitism”. Quarterly Issues for Contemporary History 16 (4): 390–420

    Google Scholar

  56. Poliakov, Léon, Joseph Wulf (eds) (1959) The Third Reich and its thinkers. Arani, Berlin

    Google Scholar

  57. Pollock, Sheldon. 1993. “Deep Orientalism? Notes on Sanskrit and Power Beyond the Raj. " In Carol A. Breckenridge and Peter van der Veer, eds., Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament: Perspectives on South Asia, 76-133. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press (South Asia seminar series. New Cultural Studies. Papers presented at the 44th Annual South Asia Seminar held at the University of Pennsylvania, 1988/1989).

  58. Rabault-Feuerhahn, Pascale. 2008. L’archive des origines: Sanskrit, philology, anthropology dans l’Allemagne du XIXe siècle. Paris: Les Éditions du CERF (Bibliothèque franco-allemande).

  59. Rhys Davids, Thomas William. (1877) Buddhism: Being a Sketch of the Life and Teaching of Gautama, the Buddha. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London

    Google Scholar

  60. Rhys Davids, Thomas William. 1881. Lectures on the Origin and Growth of Religion, as Illustrated by Some Points in the History of Indian Buddhism. London: Williams and Norgate (Hibbert Lectures, 1881).

  61. Rhys Davids, Thomas William. 1896. Buddhism: Its History and Literature. London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons (American Lectures on the History of Religions, First Series, 1894–1895).

  62. Rhys Davids, Thomas William. (1904) “Oriental Studies in England and Abroad Read February 24, 1904”. Proceedings of the British Academy. 1: 183-97

  63. Ringer, Fritz K. (1969) The Decline of the German Mandarins: The German Academic Community, 1890-1933. Harvard University Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar

  64. Romans, Ruth. (1985) Linguistics and Racial Ideology in Germany. Munich, Fink

    Google Scholar

  65. Rosenberg, Alfr. (eds) (1931) The Myth of the 20th Century. A valuation of the soul and spiritual figure struggles of our time. Munich, Hoheneichen-Verlag

    Google Scholar

  66. Sachau, Eduard. (1912) Memorandum on the seminar for oriental languages ​​at the Royal Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin from 1887 to 1912. Reichsdruckerei, Berlin

    Google Scholar

  67. Said, Edward W. 1995 [1978]. Orientalism. London: Penguin.

  68. Schlegel, Friedrich. (1808) On the language and wisdom of the Indians. Mohr, Heidelberg

    Google Scholar

  69. Clerk, Maximilian. 2008. Walther Wüst: Dean and Rector of the University 1935–1945. Munich: Herbert Utz Verlag (contributions to the history of the Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, 3).

  70. Schroeder, from Leopold. (1887) India's literature and culture in historical development: a cycle of fifty lectures; at the same time as a handbook of Indian literary history, along with numerous samples from Indian writings, which have been given a German translation. Leipzig, Haessel

    Google Scholar

  71. Schroeder, from Leopold. (1911) The completion of the Aryan mystery in Bayreuth. Munich, Lehmann

    Google Scholar

  72. Schroeder, Leopold von. 1914-16. Aryan religion. 2 volumes. Leipzig: Haessel.

  73. Schroeder, from Leopold. (eds) (1918) Houston Stewart Chamberlain: an outline of his life, based on his own reports. Munich, Lehmann

    Google Scholar

  74. Schwab, Raymond. (1950) La renaissance orientale. Payot, Paris

    Google Scholar

  75. Schwab, Raymond. 1984. The Oriental Renaissance: Europe’s Rediscovery of India and the East, 1680-1880 (trans. Gene Patterson-Black and Victor Reinking). New York: Columbia University Press.

  76. See, from Klaus. (1970) Germanic and Indo-European: From Humanism to the Present. Athenaeum, Frankfurt

    Google Scholar

  77. Sengupta, Indra. 2004. "Shishyas of Another Order: Students of Indology at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin. " In Douglas T. McGetchin, Peter K.J. Park, and Damodar SarDesai, eds., Sanskrit and “Orientalism”: Indology and Comparative Linguistics in Germany, 1750–1958, 137-71. New Delhi: Manohar.

  78. Sengupta, Indra. 2005. From Salon to Discipline: State, University and Indology in Germany 1821-1914, [Würzburg]: Ergon (Contributions to South Asian Studies, 198).

  79. Sieferle, Rolf Peter. (1987) Journal for Cultural Exchange 37 (3): 444-67

    Google Scholar

  80. Slaje, Walter. 2010. Review of Jakob Stuchlik’s The Aryan Approach: Erich Frauwallner and National Socialism (2009). Asian Studies / Études asiatiques 64, 2: 447–63.

  81. Soden, Wolfram von. 1936. “Achievement and Limits of Sumerian and Babylonian Science.” The world as a story. Journal for universal historical research 2: 411–64, 509–57.

  82. Sons-Thieme, Renate. (2003) “Paul Thieme (1905–2001): Full Professor of Indology and Comparative Religious Studies at the University of Tübingen 1960–1973”. In: Heidrun Brückner, Klaus Butzenberger, Angelika Malinar, Gabriele Zeller (eds) India Studies in Times Change: Analyzes and Documents on Indology and Religious Studies in Tübingen. Tübingen, Attempo Verlag, pp 251–79

    Google Scholar

  83. Steiner, George. (1971) In Bluebeard’s Castle: Some Notes Towards the Re-definition of Culture. Faber & Faber, London

    Google Scholar

  84. Stern, Fritz. (1961) The Politics of Cultural Despair: A Study in the Rise of the Germanic Ideology. University of California Press, Berkley

    Google Scholar

  85. Stuchlik, Jakob. 2009. The Aryan Approach: Erich Frauwallner and National Socialism. Vienna: Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (Austrian Academy of Sciences, Philosophical-Historical Class; meeting reports, 797).

  86. Taine, Hippolyte Adolphe. (1904) Hippolyte Taine, see vie et see correspondance. Volume 2: Le critique et le philosophe, 1853-1870. Hachette, Paris

    Google Scholar

  87. Thieme, Paul. 1938. The stranger in ¸gveda: a study of the meanings of the words ari, arya, aryaman and Ārya. Leipzig: Brockhaus (Treatises for the customer of the Orient, 23.2).

  88. Tilak, Bal Gangadhar. (1903) The Arctic Home in the Vedas, Being also a New Key to the Interpretation of Many Texts and Legends. Poona, Kesari

    Google Scholar

  89. Unger, Erich, ed. 1934. National Socialist Literature 1919–1934. Berlin: Junker und Dünnhaupt (research reports on the science of National Socialism, issue 1).

  90. Veer, Peter van der. 1999. “Monumental Texts. The Critical Edition of India’s National Heritage. " In Daud Ali, ed., Invoking the Past: The Uses of History in South Asia, 134-55.New Delhi: Oxford University Press (SOAS Studies on South Asia. Understandings and Perspectives Series).

  91. Waddell, Laurence Augustine. (1929) The Makers of Civilization in Race & History, Showing the Rise of the Aryans or Sumerians, Their Origination & Propagation of Civilization, Their Extension of It to Egypt & Crete, Personalities & Achievements of Their Kings, Historical Originals of Mythic Gods & Heroes with Dates From the Rise of Civilization About 3380 BC, Reconstructed From Babylonian, Egyptian, Hittite, Indian & Gothic Sources. Luzac, London

  92. Walter, Erich. 1907. Adolf Friedrich Graf von Schack as translator. Leipzig: Hesse (Wroclaw Contributions to the History of Literature, 10).

  93. Werba, Chlodwig H., Arlo Griffiths. (2006) “Leopold von Schroeder. An annotated bibliography. ”. Viennese magazine for the customers of South Asia 50: 5–25

    Google Scholar

  94. Willson, Leslie A. (1964) A Mythical Image: The Ideal of India in German Romanticism. Duke University Press, Durham

    Google Scholar

  95. Windisch, Ernst. 1917. History of Sanskrit Philology and Indian Classics. Volume 1 of 2. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter (floor plan of the Indo-Aryan philology and antiquity, I, I B).

  96. Wüst, Walther. (1939) “The German Task of Indology.”. German culture in the life of the peoples: Communications from the academy for scientific research and for the care of Germanness 14: 339–48

    Google Scholar

  97. Wüst, Walther. 1942. Indo-European Confession: Six speeches. Berlin-Dahlem: Ahnenerbe-Stiftung Verlag (series of German Ahnenerbe, series B, Dept. Works on Indo-European Linguistics and Cultural Studies, 1).

  98. Zgusta, Ladislav. (1988) “Copying in Lexicography: Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit Dictionary and Other Cases (Dvaikośyam) ”. Lexicographica: International Annual for Lexicography 4: 145-64

    Google Scholar

Download references

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author (s) and the source are credited.

Author information


  1. Lower Saxony State and University Library, Göttingen, Germany

    Reinhold Grünendahl

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Reinhold Grünendahl.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Grünendahl, R. History in the Making: On Sheldon Pollock’s “NS Indology” and Vishwa Adluri’s “Pride and Prejudice”. Hindu Studies16, 189-257 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11407-012-9115-1

Download citation


  • British Scholarship
  • Oriental Study
  • Unsubstantiated Claim
  • Racial Kinship
  • Indian Antiquary