Who was Shakespeare and his famous writing

William Shakespeare: The Great Writer

2019 marked the 455th birthday of the English playwright. read how William Shakespeare lived and where he wrote his plays "Hamlet", "Romeo and Juliet" or "A Midsummer Night's Dream".

William Shakespeare

  • Life data: 23 April 1564 to 23 April 1616 in Stratford
  • Nationality: English
  • Quote: "Nothing in itself is neither good nor bad, thinking makes it so." (In Hamlet)

William Shakespeare is probably the most famous playwright in the world. He wrote famous plays like "Hamlet" or "Romeo and Juliet".

How William Shakespeare lived

William Shakespeare's date of birth is not entirely certain. According to Church records, he was born on April 23, 1564 in the English city of Stratford and baptized three days later. His parents, John Shakespeare and Mary Arden, were wealthy so they could afford their son a decent education at a Latin school.

Shakespeare never went to university. At the age of 18, as was customary at the time, the young Englishman married the farmer's daughter, Anne Hathaway, who was friends. The couple had three children together: their daughter Susanna and twins Judith and Hamnet.

In research, the following years between 1584 and 1592 are called "Shakespeare's Lost Years". Nowhere is it written down what he did during this time. But it is assumed that he worked in the theater. He is said to have started his career there as an actor and playwright. The theater of its time was different than it is today. Those who went to the theater wanted first and foremost to be well entertained - and that cost a lot.

How William Shakespeare changed the world

Shakespeare's first official work "Venus and Adonis" appeared in 1593. At that time he had already moved to London and appeared as an actor and poet in the drama group "Chamberlains Men", later "King's Men". His dramatic works gained worldwide recognition and the famous tragedies "Hamlet" and "Macbeth" had a great influence on contemporary theater. Shakespeare has received several awards for its variety of topics and has been highly praised as a linguistic genius.

He had the ability to write down his stories in poetic pictures. He also turned to poetry. His most famous, the sonnets (sound poems), were later published as a volume. From 1599 Shakespeare worked as a co-owner of the London Globe Theater and earned a lot of money there. He was now famous and often played at the court of the then Queen Elisabeth.

At the age of 46, in 1610, the already famous poet and actor returned to his hometown. He had had enough of the theater life and turned more to his family. He spent the years leading up to death in his New Place home, the second largest building in Stratford. At the age of 52, and probably on his own birthday, William Shakespeare died unexpectedly. The cause of death is still puzzled today.

His works appeared in a complete edition for the first time in 1623. To this day, they are recognized on theaters around the world.