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The ‘Hazard classification and labeling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardized system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labeling and Packaging) Regulation. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonized System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH).
This section is based on three sources for information (harmonized classification and labeling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority.
The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. It does not represent a new labeling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration (e.g. in case of consumer and professional uses). Other relevant information includes the following:
- Substances may have impurities and additives that lead to different classifications. If at least one company has indicated that the substance classification is affected by impurities or additives, this will be indicated by an informative sentence. However, substance notifications in the InfoCard are aggregated independently of the impurities and additives.
- Hazard statements were adapted to improve readability and may not correspond textually to the hazard statements codes description in the European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH) or the UN Global Harmonized System (GHS).
To see the full list of notified classifications and to get more information on impurities and additives relevant to classification please consult the C&L Inventory.
More information about Classification and Labeling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website.
More help available here.
Harmonized classification and labeling (CLH)
Harmonized classification and labeling is a legally binding classification and labeling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Harmonization is based on the substance’s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment.
The ‘Hazard classification’ and labeling section uses the signal word, pictogram (s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonized classification and labeling (CLH) as its primary source of information.
If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (eg disodium tetraborate EC no. 215–540–4, is covered by three harmonizations & colon; 005–011–00–4; 005–011–01–1 and 005–011– 02-9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance and no text is automatically generated for the InfoCard.
It is possible that a harmonization is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation. In that case, the ATP (Adaptation to Technical Progress) number is displayed.
More info on CLH can be found here.
Classification and labeling under REACH
If available, additional information on classification and labeling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. This information has not been reviewed or verified by ECHA, and may change without prior notice. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (such as supporting studies) than do notifications under CLP.
Notifications under the Classification Labeling and Packaging (CLP) Regulation
If no EU harmonized classification and labeling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labeling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. ECHA maintains the C&L inventory, but does not review or verify the accuracy of the information.
Note that for readability purposes, only the pictograms, signal words and hazard statements referred in more than 5% of the notifications under CLP are displayed.
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